Browsing by Author "Barrett, Simone Renee"
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ItemFrom Humble Beginnings To A Profound Impact: A Brief History Of Lovely Lane United Methodist Church And Its Effect On The African American Community Of Baltimore, Maryland(2010) Barrett, Simone Renee; Hill, Erness A.; Fine Arts; Master of ArtsThe first Methodist Episcopal Church (ME Church) of Baltimore, Maryland was founded in 1772 by Reverend Joseph Pilmoor, an English missionary and disciple of the founder of Methodism, John Wesley. Pilmoor was sent to America from England by Wesley in 1769, to teach the Methodist faith. He landed in Philadelphia and made his way to Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina, preaching the Methodist religion. While preaching in Baltimore, he was granted use of Otterbein Chapel also known as the Old Dutch Church. The people of Baltimore responded favorably to Methodism, so that in 1774 the Lovely Lane Meeting House was constructed at Redwood and South streets. In 1784, this became the site of the Christmas Conference which organized the American ME Church. The church moved several times from the Redwood and South Streets location to Light Street (two locations), Charles and Fayette Streets and was known as First Methodist Episcopal Church. Outpost churches known as The Baltimore City Station were established divided by race. The "Colored Methodist Society" was initiated in 1785. "The Colored Methodist Society" produced two of the oldest African American Methodist Churches in the country, Sharp Street Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church (1797) and Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church (1815). The present location of Lovely Lane United Methodist Church is at 2200 North Calvert Street. It was erected as a centennial memorial of the 1784 Christmas Conference. In 1954, it assumed the name of Lovely Lane United Methodist Church after being named First Methodist Church for a number of years. It is known as the "Mother Church" of American Methodism. The Church currently serves as a place of worship for approximately two hundred members. It is also the home of the Methodist Historical Society and houses an active museum and archive. Additionally, it has initiated several institutions of higher education which include the Centenary Biblical Institute, now known as Morgan State University (MSU), which was established in 1867. MSU was the first institution of higher education for African Americans in Baltimore, Maryland and for the first seventy-two years it was partially funded and fully managed by Lovely Lane Methodist Church. Morgan State University is still in existence today and has conferred thousand of degrees since its inception in 1867. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the role that Lovely Lane United Methodist Church had in "birthing" the African American Methodist Community of Baltimore, Maryland, and its surrounding environs. The time period examined in this thesis includes the founding of Methodism in America in 1772, the establishment of First Methodist Church (Lovely Lane) from its beginning in 1774, founding of the "Colored Methodist Society" in 1784, Sharp Street Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church in 1797, Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1816, and the Centenary Bible Institute (Morgan College)1867. Item"We Bring Thee Our Laurels Whatever They Be:" A Concise History Of Morgan State Student-Led Protest(2017) Barrett, Simone Renee; Newman-Ham, Debra Newman; History and Geography; Doctor of PhilosophyBlack students were major contributors in the fight for equality and civil rights. By the mid-1930s black college students were members of the “National Student League and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Youth and College division. These black colleges were places primed for a youth movement to develop. These campuses provided a ready-made army of students willing to march, protest, sit-in and in some instances die for the equality of all Americans. Most Americans, black and white, are aware of the student-led protest at the Woolworth's led by North Carolina Agriculture and Technical College students, the Free Speech Movement at University of California-Berkeley and the anti-war (Vietnam) protests at Kent State in Ohio. However, many Americans are unaware of the student-led protests prior to 1960 involving students from Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). This dissertation is a study of the various generations of student activism that made Morgan State a forerunner in transforming youth culture and restructuring the social, political, and economic landscape of America. Not only did these students protest in the communities but also on their campus, which resulted in both changes to Morgan's and society's policies. This dissertation incorporates the most recent research in social movement history to examine the Civil Rights Movement in Baltimore and throughout the state of Maryland, with a focus on the impact of Morgan student activism. This activism began 1930s with Morgan students' involvement with the “National Student League” and with the creation of the Morgan NAACP chapter. Morganites have continued their crusade for civil, human, and equal rights to present day and have addressed the issues that plague African American communities. The study will examine the racial climate of “Jim Crow” era Baltimore and Maryland, and the problems the student population encountered attending an institution of higher education for blacks, situated in an all-white community and funded by a majority white state legislature. In order to capture a portrait of several generations and movements in flux, this dissertation will additionally explore the formation of Morgan's NAACP chapter and the Civic Interest Group, This work will analyze the unique impact of female activists, the evolution of student activists' agendas, strategies, and tactics; while examining relationships between the students and the other (adult) civil rights organizations. Lastly, this study will delve into the racial climate in Maryland, specifically Baltimore in recent years and its impact on Morgan's students. The objective of this study is to revise the history associated with black college activism to include Morgan State's contributions, while redefining the perception of black colleges and the protests led by these students.