Browsing by Subject "3D printing"
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ItemBeyond Compliance: Exploring Emerging Technologies to Enrich the Visual Arts Experience for Audiences of All Abilities(2017-06) Barkai, Shirley; Ewell, Maryo; Lucas, Gregory; Baker, Ramona; Dimond, Kimberly; MA in Arts AdministrationThe Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) mandates enforceable guidelines to modify the built environment to make it accessible for individuals with disabilities. While critically important, the ADA does little to drive social and physical inclusion of individuals with disabilities. This is particularity recognizable in museums and similar public venues displaying visual art. The detailed, intimate, and often meticulously documented experience offered to patrons without physical or sensory limitations cannot possibly be the same for those with disabilities. This paper contains descriptions of the principles of Universal Design (UD) and several emerging technologies, such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and 3D printing, and explores how these tools can be used by nonprofit visual arts organizations to provide broader, richer, and more inclusive experiences for audiences with a range of functional abilities. The argument presented in this document maintains that the role of visual arts organizations is not to merely comply with regulations and provide the physical accessories and necessary mechanics to improve access to visual art experiences. They also serve to enable individuals to fully experience the art form through creating and presenting inclusive environments. By applying UD principles and leveraging emerging technologies, visual arts organizations should take an active and proactive role in promoting inclusion and thus contribute to a greater social understanding and improved perception of accessibility. ItemInsert-based Microfluidics for 3D Cell Culture with Analysis(Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2018-03-14) Chen, Chengpeng; Townsend, Alexandra D.; Hayter, Elizabeth A.; Birk, Hannah M.; Sell, Scott A.; Martin, R. ScottWe present an insert-based approach to fabricate scalable and multiplexable microfluidic devices for 3D cell culture and integration with downstream detection modules. Laser-cut inserts with a layer of electrospun fibers are used as a scaffold for 3D cell culture, with the inserts being easily assembled in a 3D-printed fluidic device for flow-based studies. With this approach, the number and types of cells (on the inserts) in one fluidic device can be customized. Moreover, after an investigation (i.e., stimulation) under flowing conditions, the cell-laden inserts can be removed easily for subsequent studies including imaging and cell lysis. In this paper, we first discuss the fabrication of the device and characterization of the fibrous inserts. Two device designs containing two (channel width = 260 μm) and four (channel width = 180 μm) inserts, respectively, were used for different experiments in this study. Cell adhesion on the inserts with flowing media through the device was tested by culturing endothelial cells. Macrophages were cultured and stimulated under different conditions, the results of which indicate that the fibrous scaffolds under flow conditions result in dramatic effects on the amount and kinetics of TNF-α production (after LPS stimulation). Finally, we show that the cell module can be integrated with a downstream absorbance detection scheme. Overall, this technology represents a new and versatile way to culture cells in a more in vivo fashion for in vitro studies with online detection modules. ItemTowards a Social Justice Aligned Makerspace: Co-designing Custom Assistive Technology within a University Ecosystem(ACM, 2023-10-22) Higgins, Erin; Oliver, Zaria; Hamidi, FoadDigital fabrication methods offer exciting opportunities for producing customized assistive technology (AT). However, utilizing these tools currently requires a high level of technical expertise as well as time and money investments. Furthermore, facilitating collaboration between end users and makers needs effective and inclusive approaches with shared language and support for asynchronous, dispersed communication of design requirements. While these Do-It-Yourself (DIY) approaches are shown to support end-user agency and furthering technology democratization, research has to yet explore how they can further align with social justice values and practices. We explored these possibilities by facilitating DIY-AT design with students with disabilities within a university makerspace. By explicitly encouraging participants to consider social justice issues important to them as they engaged in DIY-AT design, we studied the considerations and supports needed for facilitating flexible co-design activities and broader conversations about accessibility barriers at the university. Adopting a transdisciplinary approach, we offer lessons learned about the potential of co-designing DIY-ATs as a way to investigate questions of social justice, inclusion, and access in academic contexts.