Browsing by Subject "Civil rights"
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ItemIdentity And Race In Multiracial African American Post-Reconstruction And Post-Civil Rights Autobiographies(2014) Pace, Sheba N.; Casale, Frank; English and Languages; Doctor of PhilosophyThis study investigates identity and race in multiracial African American post-Reconstruction and post-Civil Rights autobiographies. Specifically, these themes are examined to analyze how people who are direct descendants of one European, Jewish, black, or Italian American parent and one African parent describe themselves in their autobiographies in spite of the one-drop rule, which society uses to characterize Americans with any amount of African ancestry as black. M.M. Bahktin's The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays is employed to ascertain how the autobiographers challenge notions of race and create an identity. Writers in both periods differ in their depictions of their public and private personas and their bodies. The earlier writers use their character, achievements, and socio-economic status to challenge white supremacy, to argue for equality, and to gain assimilation into mainstream America. As a result, they display their humanity with their professional success, monetary wealth, and social distinctions. In contrast to the earlier writers, the post-Civil Rights autobiographers use their narratives to display their vulnerability in various social situations. In addition, the later writers discuss their flaws and insecurities, and unlike the post-Reconstruction writers' use of the body to display their accomplishments, the later writers show how racism affects how their family and society treat them. The discussion of race and identity changes in the multiracial African American autobiography because the racial, social, and political climate in America evolves. During the post-Reconstruction period, some multiracial African Americans and African Americans were denied equality and inclusion into mainstream America. Many individuals who have African American ancestry united to argue for the elimination of racism and full inclusion into mainstream America. As a result, multiracial African Americans design an image in the autobiography to convince white Americans to acknowledge them as citizens and recognize their humanity. However, the later writers have voting, housing, employment, and educational rights that are protected by the constitution. Since the laws protect their individual rights and grant them inclusion in society, they focus on documenting their multiple ancestries and gaining access to different racial communities. ItemImages of Disability in News Media: Implications for Further Research(1997-11) Haller, Beth A.; Towson University. Department of Mass Communication and Communication StudiesEven in the 1990s, little research has focused on how local media can more often and more accurately cover the disability community and disability issues. Some positive news coverage arose in the late 1980s because of the disability community's growing status as a minority group striving for equal civil rights. Other positive coverage reflected the consumer model, in which equity in society for people with disabilities is seen as good economic sense. A new negative image, however, includes the business model, which depicts economic equity for people with disabilities as costly to the American business community. Another issue is whether people with disabilities are given a "voice" in the news media--are they speaking for themselves? Mass media researchers should be looking for valid sources in the news; they should continue to assess who is speaking for the disability community in the news media. Communication research should continue to assess why and how news media prop up "ableist" views within society. Research must also assess journalists' attitudes about disability. The news media have begun to successfully change some of their language about disability--they are now likely to use "disabled" rather than "handicapped," or person with AIDS rather than AIDS victim. The media's powerful place in the social construction of people with disabilities may become a positive, rather than negative, force, and the future research of communication scholars must be focused on assessing this potential change. ItemRacial Harmony In Winston-Salem, North Carolina: North Carolinian Myth Of Racial Progressiveness Versus Civil Rights, 1954-1980(2010) Carter, Ashley; Peskin, Lawrence A.; History and Geography; Master of ArtsTraditionally, North Carolina has been looked at as a state that experienced little racial disturbances during the Civil Rights Movement. Because of this, North Carolina developed a progressive image in terms of race relations that state citizens accepted. This image implied that North Carolina's treatment of its black citizens was unequaled in the South. This study examines the dynamic racial climate of Winston-Salem during the Civil Rights Movement in order to gain perspective over the invalidity of North Carolina's myth of racial progressiveness. Winston-Salem experienced racial extremes during the struggle for civil rights with the organization of a majority black worker union, strong resistance to school desegregation, a race riot in 1967, and the strong presence of organizations based on race such as white citizen's councils, the Black Panther Party, and the Ku Klux Klan. This study sets out to deconstruct the racially progressive image that North Carolina enjoyed throughout the twentieth century. Using state records, local and national newspapers, and records from organizations such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the North Carolina Good Neighbor Council, this study finds little weight to North Carolina's claims to superior race relations. Scholars who are examining Winston-Salem's social history during the twentieth century and also for those interested in the racial dynamics in the state of North Carolina should consider this study. ItemStanding For Freedom: The Making Of The Lillie Carroll Jackson Civil Rights Museum(2012) Barnes, Iris Adrienne Leigh; Ham, Debra Newman; History and Geography; Master of ArtsIn early 20th century America, an African American mother in Baltimore had to face a society that opposed her instinct to help her children pursue their goals in life. Lillie Carroll Jackson was a mother who despite the odds, found a way to help her children realize their dreams. Each of her children, Juanita, Marion, Bowen excelled in their chosen area of interest, but it was the blatant societal denial of the desires of her oldest child, Virginia, that sparked the idea of opening a museum that welcomed all people. Few museums were opened by African Americans at the time, but Lillie Jackson was a trailblazer in many regards. She was called a "Freedom Fighter" for her work in reviving and growing the Baltimore branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and working tirelessly to usher in equal rights for our nation (Hughes, LCJM Archives). When it came to the education of her children, Lillie Jackson took whatever steps were necessary to get them closer to their dreams of attending notable colleges. Virginia, her firstborn, had the will and talent to become a fine artist, but the preeminent art school in Maryland, Maryland Institute College of Art, denied her entrance<—>simply because of the color of her skin. She was also denied access to art museums in the area. Lillie Jackson made a promise to help her open her own museum someday. The museum opened its doors in 1978. In 1998, its doors were closed. What happened? Written from a museum history and development perspective, this thesis seeks to explore the reasons the museum was opened, the reasons it was closed, and the efforts to reinvent and renew its purpose. In using the Lillie Carroll Jackson Museum as a case study, this paper reveals some of the critical issues of opening a small museum. While small museums face many concerns such as staffing, operational funding, and attendance, this study focuses on the issues of collections management; preservation and conservation; interpretive programming and exhibitions. Additionally, this thesis features a brief history of Lillie Carroll Jackson, her family, her work, and the importance of keeping her dreams alive.