Browsing by Subject "People with disabilities"
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ItemDisability Rights on the Public Agenda: Elite News Media Coverage of The Americans With Disabilities Act(Temple University, 1995) Haller, Beth A.; Towson University, Department of Mass Communication and Communication StudiesThis dissertation undertook a content analysis of U.S. elite newspapers and the three major news magazines (N=524), news photographs (N=171), and TV network news (N =24) to understand how the news media presented the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act The Act embodies a new civil rights issue that sharply contrasts with stereotypes and myths about people with disabilities Therefore, this study could assess how the news media juxtapose the newer disability rights perspective relative to older stereotypes of the disability experience and competing perspectives such as U S business interests. This study also assists in the understanding of the news media role in characterizing a new issue on the public's agenda. The findings show that the elite media covered the ADA in the obligatory way it has covered much major federal legislation. Only rarely did media further contextualize and expand ADA information. The coverage of the ADA illustrates that the notion of disability rights is only making a moderate amount of headway into news media representations. However, when they did do stories, the news media did a good Job of casting the ADA as a civil rights act. But they also presented the norms of U.S. society and the business community by looking often at the upfront cost of the Act, as opposed to long-term cost savings the Act might provide. But the news media misrepresented disability in incidence, race, and gender They sought out the visible disabilities as examples and missed the fact that more people have hidden disabilities. They portrayed disability in terms of the white middle class, which reflects the primary composition of the disability rights movement. The nature of the ADA story, however, did not allow the media to use the traditional stereotypes, which present people with disabilities as medical problems or as superhuman. The media accepted a progressive frame of minority group status for people with disabilities because the federal government gave it to them. And because the governmental rhetoric had been fashioned by activists from the disability community, the message of civil rights for people with disabilities flowed through the media. ItemExamining theories of public-private sector collaboration: health care for people with disabilities in emergency management(2013) Dawalt, Philip Robert Jr.; Naylor, Lorenda A.; Schwartz, Robert M.; University of Baltimore. Yale Gordon College of Public Affairs; University of Baltimore. Doctor of Public AdministrationAs Americans observed in horror the incidents in Japan following a major earthquake followed by a tsunami and then a nuclear disaster, it is important to assess emergency planning effectiveness for all citizens, particularly the most vulnerable. Emergency managers in counties across the United States plan for every American citizen in case of natural disasters. Theories of Public Administration can illuminate the dynamics of the formulation and implementation of these plans. This study tests the level of cooperation, coordination and collaboration between local administrators and affected individuals and groups resulting from disaster and subsequent emergency response. The study examines the relationship between the needs of the disabled and the work of emergency management. As commitment increases, cooperation and collaboration have increased among emergency managers, health care providers and people with disabilities. This study involves interviews with 38 emergency managers who answered a series of questions about their level of contact, cooperation, coordination and/or collaboration with people with disabilities and health care professionals. The study results demonstrate some degree of progress in the collaboration of Emergency Managers, Health Care Professionals and People with disabilities. Health Care works have especially become more involved in planning and responding to emergencies as a result of the "pan flu" incident from a year earlier. But, there is still much room for improvement. People with disabilities serve on some local emergency planning committees in some locations in Indiana and Ohio. However, many emergency managers ignore this problem citing a lack of resources and time to make these connections. Many are addressing the resource and time constraints by engaging in continuous volunteerism to improve collaboration in support for people with disabilities in the emergency management process. ItemImages of Disability in News Media: Implications for Further Research(1997-11) Haller, Beth A.; Towson University. Department of Mass Communication and Communication StudiesEven in the 1990s, little research has focused on how local media can more often and more accurately cover the disability community and disability issues. Some positive news coverage arose in the late 1980s because of the disability community's growing status as a minority group striving for equal civil rights. Other positive coverage reflected the consumer model, in which equity in society for people with disabilities is seen as good economic sense. A new negative image, however, includes the business model, which depicts economic equity for people with disabilities as costly to the American business community. Another issue is whether people with disabilities are given a "voice" in the news media--are they speaking for themselves? Mass media researchers should be looking for valid sources in the news; they should continue to assess who is speaking for the disability community in the news media. Communication research should continue to assess why and how news media prop up "ableist" views within society. Research must also assess journalists' attitudes about disability. The news media have begun to successfully change some of their language about disability--they are now likely to use "disabled" rather than "handicapped," or person with AIDS rather than AIDS victim. The media's powerful place in the social construction of people with disabilities may become a positive, rather than negative, force, and the future research of communication scholars must be focused on assessing this potential change.