Browsing by Subject "School recess breaks -- Research"
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ItemThe Effects of Break Time on Behavior on First Grade Students(2011-07) Riviere, Lindsay; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine if there was an effect on first grade student behavior based on the amount of break time they were given throughout the day. Break time in these instances was considered to be recess or cultural arts time such as physical education or art. Data was collected over a three month time period to see if there was a correlation between student behavior and the amount of break time they were given throughout the day. The participants in this study were twenty first grade students who were in the same general education classroom. Analysis of the data suggested there was not a significant relationship between student behavior in first grade and the loss of break time during the school day. ItemThe Relationship Between Recess and the Behavior of 5th Grade Students(2010-05) Slaughter, Michael; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine whether 5th grade students exhibit fewer inappropriate behaviors, as measured by the number of behavior levels they are assigned for inappropriate behaviors, before or after recess. According to the school behavior plan, levels are assigned based on behavioral infractions. Three 5th grade teachers recorded times when levels were given for each individual student (n=65) on the Weekly Behavior Logs. The average number of levels received per student in the 90 minutes before recess was compared to the average number of levels received per student in the 90 minutes after recess. Data was collected over a 10-day period. The difference in the average number of behavior levels assigned before recess (Mean = .52, SD = .90) and after recess (Mean = .29, SD = .70) was statistically significant [t (64) = 2.07, p<.05], with a greater number of levels assigned before recess. Results were affected by various factors including a shortened duration of the study and variability in indoor and outdoor recess due to inclement weather. In addition to a longer study, more research on the relationship between recess and behavior is needed to increase the validity of findings in this study.