Browsing by Subject "Social sciences -- Research -- Periodicals."
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ItemAbraham Lincoln and the Northern Anti-War Press(2009) Wertheimer, Daniel; History; Bachelor's DegreeThis paper is the culmination of a semester of study in the Frontiers course on Free Speech. Throughout the semester, the class explored both theoretical, normative concerns, as well as real-world case studies involving one of our most cherished civil liberties. A recurring source of controversy in the modern history of this right is the suppression of domestic dissent during periods of war. At the time of writing, the Patriot Act and other Bush Administration war-time measures remained highly controversial. However, many Americans are unaware that the policies of the previous president were far from unprecedented in our nation’s history. This paper relates the seldom discussed narrative of the Lincoln administration’s attitude towards anti-war publications in the North during the period of the Civil War. The fact that Abraham Lincoln routinely ranks as the most popular American president in national surveys, as well as the minefield of racial issues related to the Civil War, have likely prevented additional scrutiny of this episode. But despite the complexity of issues related to the freedom of expression, it is clear that the fragile nature of this right requires us to closely analyze every instance in which our government places limits on speech; Lincoln, our most popular president, may have been right to suppress anti-war sentiment in the North, but it is vital that his policies continue to receive scrutiny. ItemAn accidental prediction: The saga of antimatter's discovery(2014) Yeoh, Phoebe; Physics; Bachelor's DegreeFor my Modern Physics class, we were required to write a final paper on a topic of choice. I chose to explore the discovery of antimatter. As I wrote the draft, I felt both fascinated and overwhelmed. The story and the science behind it were exciting, but understanding their beauty required a lot of background knowledge. How could I explain a semester's worth of modern physics to a general audience, all within the span of a 10-page paper? I tried my best to distill complicated concepts into precise ideas and sentences, and hope that my finished work conveys the excitement I feel about antimatter's discovery - and physics in general - to readers. ItemThe Aging Brain: Theories of our Inevtiable Cognitive Decline(2005) Tripp, Sara L.; Psychology; Bachelor's DegreeCognitive decline has been found to be an inevitable part of increased age in humans. Theories as to what particular mechanism is responsible for this decline are explored, including the working memory theory, processing speed theory, inhibition theory, and sensory function theory. Neurological components of aging are also discussed. Implications for individuals who wish to preserve their cognitive functioning include pursuing higher levels of education and learning new habits to help buffer against the effects of a decline in working memory function. ItemAn Anomalous Reaction of Silicon Oxide and Aluminum via Ball Milling(2007) Marx, Michelle; Physics; Bachelor's DegreePrevious studies have shown that the ball milling technique, which mechanically heats and releases energy, often causes a displacement reaction between various metals and metal oxides. Sometimes ball milling causes a selfpropagating heat synthesis reaction (SHS) to occur. This study was undertaken to see whether the ball milling technique could provide a method to extract pure silicon from silicon oxide. Since silicon oxide and aluminum are readily available materials, the ball milling process would be an easy and cost-efficient way to produce silicon. The parameters tested in this study included varying the amount of aluminum, total powder mass, number of balls (kinetic energy), and milling atmosphere. Parameters also tested were additions of acetone and alcohol. X-ray diffraction was used to determine what elements and compounds were present before and after ignition. This study discovered that when silicon oxide and aluminum are milled SHS does not occur despite the reaction being highly exothermic. It does not appear possible to slow down the localized reactions to the point where SHS can occur. ItemThe Attraction England Left Out(2005) Cincotta, Molly; Dance and Theatre; Bachelor's DegreeDuring the Dance and Theatre trip to London, I had the opportunity to see the National Theatre's production of The History Boys by Alan Bennett. At the time I had been reading Tom Stoppard's The Invention of Love as part of my preliminary research for my paper topic -- tracing the influence of Oscar Wilde on Stoppard's writing. Watching the production, I was struck by the similarities between the lives of these modern private school boys and A. E. Housman and his schoolmates from more than a century ago in Invention of Love. Both shows, I realized, demonstrated similar battles between the rigid morality of upper class English society and the inevitable passions that occur as a part of everyday life. This tension appeared to be based on an idealization of the ancient world as the paradigm of literary and scientific accomplishment, while omitting the references to baser realities of the time. The more I researched, the more I realized that both Stoppard and Bennett were reflecting a real paradox of English morality that existed throughout history. I found the challenge of this paper to be linking my three playwrights, not only to each other, but also to the historical circumstances they were trying to represent. ItemAustism and Infant Attachment: A Review of the Literature(2006) Rooney, Anna; Psychology; Bachelor's DegreeWhile the research is in its beginnings, a diagnosis of autism does not necessarily equate with an attachment-less life. Considering the possible adverse reaction of the parent, the prevalence of symptoms that contribute to a lack of emotional reciprocity, and neurological malfunctioning in areas critical in relationship formation it seems hopeless for a parent to attempt to form a secure attachment with their autistic child. Yet, as Stephen Bohay demonstrates, a parent should not desert their dreams of eventually forming a close, happy relationship with their child. Autistic children can and do form attachments to their parents and these attachments are just as likely to be secure as the attachments of normally developing children. However, these attachments generally have a late onset due to an apparent need for higher mental representational skills. But once these skills develop, it is quite possible that the parent of an autistic child may be able to exclaim, “I really felt he loved me” (Holloway, 1981) also. ItemBeyond the Master Plot: Exceptional Literature in Stalin’s USSR(2012) Breen, Colin; Bachelor's DegreeI went into this paper with the intention of getting in over my head a bit. My initial topic was simply socialist realist literature, which forced me to involve myself in a whole genre of reading that I was not incredibly familiar with at the time. After involving myself in that world for a bit, I started instinctively guiding myself toward works that broke from tradition and presented deviations from an otherwise strongly controlled literary landscape. What I wound up with was a paper focusing on often unheralded works of literary transgression. It's a topic that I'm still learning about today, about five months after I handed in my final copy of "Beyond the Master Plot" and which deserves a great deal more research and attention than either my own amateur attempts or the academic world at large has thus far given it. After spending last semester studying in the former Soviet state of Kyrgyzstan, something that's come to my attention is just how incredibly varied Soviet art often was in Stalin's time, even more so than I might have given it credit for here, even if that variation often existed below the surface. Speaking with a Kyrgyz filmmaker who began work in the 50's, I was told that, to him, filmmaking was more interesting when the state controlled the media. According to him this kind of official barrier presented an artist with a challenge to his intentions, forcing him to abstract and reinvent his ideas in new ways. It's an environment that, while often capable of stifling artists, also often bred a new type of artist who was both incredibly creative and incredibly resilient, both of which were necessary if one hoped to function as an auteur within the state mechanism. This conversation greatly reinforced my belief in my thesis well after I'd handed it in, and was in part responsible for really pushing me to submit my paper to Verge in the first place. As a whole, this essay is something that I'm very proud of, but which was also responsible for getting me so interested in its topic that I really can't help but see the results therein as a kind of work in progress. Still, I hope that this essay represents an interesting look at a subject that I believe often gets written off or filed away under a single header. Item"The Bitter Dream": Internalized Racism in the Passing Narratives of the Harlem Renaissance(2012) Kulvete, Weston; Bachelor's DegreeThe Harlem Renaissance was a period of great artistic expression for black Americans following the end of the first world war. Authors, artists, singers, and dancers determined to gain recognition from the public used their cultural heritage for inspiration in their works. Novels, short stories, and poetry from the period provide a beautiful, sometimes tragic, but ultimately honest portrait of the black experience in the early 20th century. Several fine examples of art created in Harlem during this time have become an intergal part of the American canon. Several themes reoccur again and again in the works of this period. One of the more fascinating is the concept of racial passing. In many stories, a light-skinned African American character would, for various reasons, choose to place themselves in great danger by pretending to be white and integrating themselves into the American mainstream. These characters frequently had to cut ties with their past lives entirely, and risked everything in an attempt to access opportunities available only to the white majority. In my essay, I examine the passing narrative in several novels from the Harlem Renaissance, with a particular emphasis on George Schuyler's satirical Black No More and James Weldon Johnson's faux-confessional Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man. I examine the reasoning behind racial passing and attempt to uncover some of the more subconscious motivations found in these characters' decision. ItemBorder State Blues: A Civil War Scrapbook in Baltimore(2014) Huebner, Emily; History and Historic Preservation; Bachelor's DegreeThe process of writing this paper taught me how research is driven by curiosity. I was introduced to this series of Civil War scrapbooks a year before I wrote this paper for a public history seminar, and my first inquiries into the context and content of the scrapbooks led me to more questions about the circumstances and beliefs of the family that created them, as well as the tradition of scrapbooking itself. I realized that the newspaper clippings in the scrapbook were not going to give me the answers that I wanted; I would need to learn more about Baltimore during the Civil War and follow the clues the primary sources gave me to find out more. The only answers I would get were the ones that I found for myself. My public history class gave me the perfect chance to dig deeper into the context and content of these scrapbooks in order to understand their larger historical significance. This project gave me the opportunity to use my research skills to solve an intriguing mystery. ItemBreaking a Bi-Regional Addicion: Theories for the REduction of the Coca/Cocaine Trade(2009) Smith, Lily; Bachelor's DegreeComing into the world of college academia as a freshman, dedicated to resolving the troubles plaguing our world, I promised myself that my scholastic exploits would not look singularly at problems, but would investigate proactive solutions as well. I had stumbled across the topic of Andean cocaine production a year previously in an article that described the horrors that Bolivian communities face as a result of cocaine production. It seemed an interesting research topic, since there are clearly two sides with vastly different perspectives involved in the coca/cocaine trade: the Andean region, where cocaine is produced, and the United States, where it is predominantly consumed. Therefore, my paper looks at the two competing theories for the reduction of the coca/cocaine trade: supply-side and demand-side eradication, and concludes that in fact alternative crop development, an alternative to supply-side eradication, is actually the most viable method. ItemBroken Fragments of Immortality: Why People Will Always Love Peter Pan(2014) Richardson, Anna; Theatre; Bachelor's DegreeI wrote this paper for the senior Theater seminar, a two-semester long project where senior Theater majors choose, study and produce a show. We chose J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan, and I focused my research paper around the psychological foundations of the show, specifically the importance of fairy tales in children's development. I was, and continue to be, struck by the general feeling that Peter Pan is purely a happy, fantastical piece. It is not. After a year of studying the play, Barrie, the characters, and the history of all the above, I have grown to appreciate Peter Pan in a way I never would have otherwise. I also feel that I know Peter more intimately than most, and I hope to share my insight with you via this paper, which is, I must stress, only a tiny chip into what could be a very extensive argument. I do wish to say that although my paper talks mainly about the dark sides of Peter, I think he is a crucial figure and that I love the show for what it is, good and bad aspects aside. ItemThe Business and Trade Associations: America's Most Influential Interest Group Sector in the Health Care Reform Debate(2010) Fugate, Jessica; Bachelor's DegreeThis paper is a culmination of research conducted over the course of the fall 2009 semester for PSC 245: Interest Group Politics. Throughout the semester we discussed the origin of the interest group and their effect on American democratic politics and the populace. From Federalist #10, where Madison discusses factions and their necessity within a democratic system to theories questioning the concept of pluralism, which espouses equal representation amongst competing and countervailing influences. Notions such as fairness, equality, and access are often called into question when analyzing the influence and actions of interest groups in their pursuit of said policy-making goals. As Congress has conspicuously grown more polarized, the public’s ill view toward lobbyists and their influence have increased dramatically. However, despite this distrust the American voter has come to the realization that interest groups exercise an important part of our political system, their ability to act on behalf of those who cannot and will not speak for themselves. After all, the purpose of an interest group is to attempt to influence policy to the benefit of its members. The following research was the result of a class requirement to choose and examine an interest group within the health care reform debate. Following the research we were required to compile a research paper detailing our chosen groups lobbying techniques to determine which of our 6 groups were the most likely to succeed in achieving their policy goal, whether said group was for or against health care reform: H. R. 3962. The Business and Trade Associations is the largest sector whose apparent goal is to maximize profits. As such, its influence in terms of lobbying techniques is widely perceived to yield the most power in terms of funding. However, when evaluated in comparison to other interest group sectors, businesses in fact have more to lose than gain. The following research is structured beginning with the most successful interest group and will conclude with the group most likely to fail. My chosen 6 interest groups are Safeway, Wal- Mart, PepsiCo Inc., NFIB, NACS, and the U. S. Chamber of Commerce. ItemThe Cantonist Struggle and the Birth of the New Jew(2015) Bornstein, Aaron; Bachelor's DegreeIn 1827, Tsar Nicholas I instituted the Cantonist Decree, which led to the impressment of thousands of Jewish children into the Russian army. While officially, Jewish religious freedom was to be protected, the unofficial goal of the Cantonist system was to assimilate Russia’s Jewish minority. By encouraging the new institution of the Chapper or Kidnapper, the new legislation was successful in undermining the religious authority of the Kahal. Furthermore, many Cantonist children were coerced to convert to Russian Orthodoxy through abusive means. However, although the Cantonist system succeeded in converting over one third of Jewish recruits1 and led to the dissolution of the Kahal, the non-standard treatment of the Jewish minority contributed to a feeling of otherness that culminated in the strengthening of Jewish identity in spite of institutionalized anti-Semitism. ItemCatacombs and Courtship: Life Imitates the Gothic in Northanger Abbey(2014) Kulvete, Weston; English; Bachelor's Degree ItemCensorship of the BBC under Prime Ministers Thatcher and Blair(2007) Shull, Lauren; Bachelor's DegreeOne of the central pillars of American democracy is a free press; it has been called the fourth branch of government and is the only business protected in the Constitution. Protection in the most sacrosanct American document does not necessarily create an uncensored media. Many nations do better at preventing government interference in their media. One such nation is Great Britain, which obstructs the media’s functioning, including its partisan newspapers, far less often. But even Great Britain is not completely innocent; various Governments (we would call them administrations) use their political muscle to have a story told their way. Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair have both done what they could to protect their policies and images on screen and in print. Both have attempted to gain control over some of the output of the BBC, which is reputedly a bastion of democracy, balance and truth. As an aspiring journalist and professed Anglophile, I was intrigued to research levels of government censorship in the BBC, my favorite source of news and information. When I was studying at the London School of Economics through the Hansard Programme I decided to investigate. I focused on Mrs Thatcher and Mr Blair as two incredibly influential and widely divergent politicians. As different as their policies were their ways of handling the media. New Labour was not constrained by the Conservative Government that came before it, and so Mr Blair reinvented how Westminster interacted with the media, as well as the policies therein. ItemThe Central Concept of Struggle: Sayyid Qutb, Leo Strauss, Modernity and the Past(2006) Maltseva, Olga; Political Science and International Relations; Bachelor's DegreeAll of us--whether we are students or professors, young or old, political or apathetic--are children of the liberal philosophy that "progress" is the inevitable path towards the "good." Think about our speech: if "things are progressing" they are moving toward some desired goal. Yet, the positive connotation of the word "progress" belies one very crucial fact: we do not know what the future holds. Should we assume it will be positive? What if, in truth, progress was a downward spiral-and the best state our society can achieve has already happened, long ago, in a far-off virtuous past? The influential thinkers Leo Strauss (1899-1973) and Sayyid Qutb (1906-66) challenged the common assumption that progress is to be celebrated. Perplexed by the disturbing events of the twentieth century, they sought the 'ideal' not through modern progress but in the origins of their respective religious traditions, Judaism and Islam. ItemChant Down Babylon: the Rastafarian Movement and Its Theodicy for the Suffering(2008) Blatter, Emily; Peace Studies; Bachelor's DegreeI first fell in love with reggae music when I was a sophomore at Goucher. I was initially drawn to reggae for its smooth lullaby beats that resonate in the chest and make it so one cannot help but sway back and forth to the rhythm. Coincidentally, as I delved deeper into reggae, I also began to take Peace Studies classes where I became aware of the dynamics of race and privilege. It was then that I realized that there is more to reggae than its cheerful melodies and simple bass lines may suggest. I was able to persuade my Peace Studies professor Doctor Jennifer Bess to sponsor an independent study on reggae music and the Rastafarian religion. For an entire semester, I devoted myself to researching the topic. I read books and countless academic articles; interviewed a Jamaican Rasta who owns his own restaurant and reggae music venue in Baltimore; and, of course, I listened to reggae constantly while continually searching for new musicians. Through my independent study, I learned that true, Rastafarian-inspired reggae is, at its core, an act of rebellion. Reggae lyrics oppose the status quo in an impoverished country where the descendents of slaves remain shackled by poverty and joblessness and suffer from the violent drug trade that results. Reggae artists offer scathing social critiques and articulate an alternative vision for society while simultaneously encouraging listeners to keep dancing to the soothing rhythms. Indeed, for black Jamaicans, happiness itself is an act of rebellion—a defiant refusal to allow the oppressor to control one's mind. Therein lies the genius of reggae: reggae exposes the existence of racism, poverty and violence to the Jamaican people while simultaneously refusing to allow such social evils to destroy their happiness. ItemConverging Regulations for the Chemical Industries of ASEAN: Feasibility from a Political Perspective(2016) Ng, Davin; Bachelor's DegreeI was instructed to write this paper for my internship with the Singapore Chemical Industry Council. The ASEAN Economic Community was a regional initiative which was to start on December 2015, and the chemical industry of Singapore was simultaneously preparing to implement a fresh set of internationally-mandated regulations. The Regulatory Affairs Committee of SCIC was keen on understanding what steps the industry ought to do moving forward in order to comply with the ASEAN Economic Community, and I was brought in as a student of International Relations to help several engineers make sense of global politics. Despite no prior knowledge of chemical engineering and its related regulatory regimes, it was a challenge I relished. The paper first establishes the key challenges which stand in the way of establishing the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) across ASEAN states. By studying the mixed levels of GHS implementation across ASEAN, the variety of Asian attitudes towards international regulatory regimes and their respective political economy could be divined and analyzed. Comparisons of the different types of regional integration among ASEAN and the EU were made, and the paper proceeds to indulge in offering several solutions to encourage effective economic integration in ASEAN. Acknowledgments and disclaimers: I wish to thank the Singapore Chemical Industry Council, and especially the Regulatory Affairs Committee for allowing me the opportunity to embark on this work. Several members of the Regulatory Affairs Committee were interviewed whilst collecting information for this paper, and their identities were rendered anonymous to prevent the jeopardy of confidential business information. ItemThe Core of Us: Properties of the Socializatoin Process and the Influence of Social Class Therein(2012) Proser, Tim; Bachelor's DegreeInitially attacking this paper left me with a number of unanswered questions. The process by which people both assume and are assigned their status in life is unthinkably complex, and I was at a loss in terms of how to sum up the various systems of stratification and social influences in a way that made all this uneven distribution of wealth and resources make sense. Out of my own curiosity, I had been reading extensively about Werner Heisenberg's work at the Niels Bohr Institute, and was fascinated by the notion that the very act of human observation could influence the behavior of quantum particles. I began to see a connection between the way in which people move up and down the social ladder and the way in which quantum particles move through theoretical space. Both seem to oscillate at random; both are actually governed by the presumably innocuous force of observation. This similarity provided me the perfect metaphor with which to frame my discussion, and explain that social mobility is not entirely meritocratic, nor is it a complete roulette wheel. It is governed by the interaction of observational points of view from multiple individuals. ItemCorso, Conformity, and Christmas Teeth(2014) Reese, Zachary; English; Bachelor's DegreeIn Professor Orem's English 105 course (entitled "Art in Social Activism"), we spent several weeks discussing the beat generation of the 1950s. Throughout our discussion of this epoch in American history, I was astonished and fascinated by how closely it paralleled modern American culture. The "non-conformist" has been a prominent figure in American society for decades, actively combatting the mundanity and conventionality of everyday life and introducing a new wave of thought (and effectively, a new way of life), for students and artists alike. It may be suggested that this figure first emerged in the 1950s, amongst Jack Keroac, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, and other prominent beatsters. It is only through a sixty year filter that we can clearly discern the revolutionary nature of the ideas expressed by these artists, as one may very easily identify with the sentiments expressed within their works, today. In my essay "Corso, Conformity, and Christmas Teeth" I analyze the effectiveness and potency of Corso's poem "Marriage" which epitomizes and perfectly captures the non-conformist culture of American society that began in the 1950s.