Browsing by Subject "Universal Design"
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Results Per Page
ItemBeyond Compliance: Exploring Emerging Technologies to Enrich the Visual Arts Experience for Audiences of All Abilities(2017-06) Barkai, Shirley; Ewell, Maryo; Lucas, Gregory; Baker, Ramona; Dimond, Kimberly; MA in Arts AdministrationThe Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) mandates enforceable guidelines to modify the built environment to make it accessible for individuals with disabilities. While critically important, the ADA does little to drive social and physical inclusion of individuals with disabilities. This is particularity recognizable in museums and similar public venues displaying visual art. The detailed, intimate, and often meticulously documented experience offered to patrons without physical or sensory limitations cannot possibly be the same for those with disabilities. This paper contains descriptions of the principles of Universal Design (UD) and several emerging technologies, such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and 3D printing, and explores how these tools can be used by nonprofit visual arts organizations to provide broader, richer, and more inclusive experiences for audiences with a range of functional abilities. The argument presented in this document maintains that the role of visual arts organizations is not to merely comply with regulations and provide the physical accessories and necessary mechanics to improve access to visual art experiences. They also serve to enable individuals to fully experience the art form through creating and presenting inclusive environments. By applying UD principles and leveraging emerging technologies, visual arts organizations should take an active and proactive role in promoting inclusion and thus contribute to a greater social understanding and improved perception of accessibility. ItemHow and Under What Circumstances Can the Goals of Historic Preservation and Equitable Access be Met Through the Application of Universal Design and the Secretary of the Interior's Standards?(2014) Vragel, Barbara Christa; MA in Historic PreservationUniversal Design is a concept that has more recently been used in the built environment, even though its evolution goes back to the 1950s. Universal Design (UD) builds on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a federal civil rights law that mandates accessibility for people with disabilities. UD however, is not a mandate. UD is a concept that advocates design which is usable for all people, not only people with disabilities.This treatise examines the use of Universal Design in case studies of the rehabilitation of historic buildings that have or have not used Universal Design as a solution for access. Through the discussion and analysis of the case studies, this thesis research answers the question of how and under what circumstances can the goals of historic preservation and equitable access be met through the application of Universal Design and the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards. The case studies are prefaced by discussion and analyses about Universal Design, which includes its history, principles, and goal. Federal laws are introduced and analyzed that pertain to accessibility and historic buildings. This analysis is followed by an explanation of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as well as the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards. The case studies build on these discussions and analyses to reach an answer to the thesis question regarding Universal Design and the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards. My findings show that when rehabilitating a historic building, there are commonalities essential to successful solutions for access when applying Universal Design. These commonalities include: Usable space in or around a historic building, non-defining characteristics, and prior changes or alterations. These commonalities can be used to enhance the ADA standards by presenting opportunities for achieving greater access in historic buildings through the application of Universal Design. UD is a mindset. The time has come that Universal Design be applied to historic buildings.