Browsing by Subject "cooperation"
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ItemBeyond Distributed AI, Agent Teamwork in Ubiquitous Computing(2002-07-16) Chen, Harry; Finin, TimAgent teamwork has been widely studied in the fields of Distributed AI. Much success has been achieved in defining agent teamwork theory to explain how agents should act together as a team and in developing programming frameworks to simulate team coordination in software environment. With the advent of ubiquitous computing technology, agent teamwork research will be pushed to its limit, facing new challenges in an open environment with a higher degree of uncertainty. The objective of this paper is to raise some research issues that need to addressed in order to enable ubiquitous agents to engage in cooperative teamwork activities. ItemCohabitation to collaboration: university center partnerships and the opportunity for an idea state of collaboration(2016-05) Waters, Ashley A.; Wachhaus, T. Aaron; Barqueiro, Carla; Gibson, Ed; University of Baltimore. College of Public Affairs; University of Baltimore. Doctor of Public AdministrationWhen you embark on a new roommate scenario, sharing space is not always an easy adjustment. This holds true in cohabiting higher education arrangements as well, such as university centers (UCs) where more than one academic institution come together to share a campus. Over time, the hope is that the institutions will evolve from "roommates" to "partners", beginning to share resources, rewards, and working together to achieve the mission of the university center. This study was designed to dig deeper into the university center model and investigate how co-location of universities may influence the level of partnership. Specifically, this study aimed to assess whether (and if so, how) cohabiting institutions at university centers can foster and grow into collaborative partnerships. Through an explanatory sequential mixed methods design, this study used a survey and interviews to discover how partnerships were currently working at university centers and identify the areas of strength and weaknesses brought on by cohabiting with one another. Using statistical tools such as independent t-tests, one-way ANOVA and thematic coding, the quantitative and qualitative strands of research brought together a unique response to the research questions. The findings show that the key actors and structure of UCs are the most hindering factors when partners try to engage in greater levels of partnership. Most UCs are described to be operating at a cooperative level. Furthermore, most UC representatives believe that collaboration would be ideal, but is not necessary for UC success; insinuating that being "roommates" may be as good as it gets. Cohabitation is not a golden ticket to collaborative UC partnerships. ItemGoal interdependence, Subgroup Formation, and Conflict in Teams(Goal interdependence, Subgroup Formation, and Conflict in Teams, 2017-08) Rae, Yunzi TanThis research investigates subgroup formation as an important mediator in the goal interdependence-intragroup conflict linkage. Specifically, it proposes that subgroup formation will mediate the relationship between cooperative goal interdependence and intragroup conflict, but not for competitive goal interdependence and intragroup conflict. Further, competitive goal interdependence is posited to have direct, positive effects on intragroup conflict. Using structural equation modeling analyses with 79 student project teams, the findings revealed that subgroup formation fully mediated the relationship between cooperative goal interdependence and task and process conflict, but only partially mediated the relationship between cooperative goal interdependence and relationship conflict. As predicted, subgroup formation did not mediate the relationship between competitive goal interdependence and intragroup conflict; however, competitive goal interdependence was negatively, rather than positively, related to intragroup conflict.