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ItemThe Affordable Care Act and college enrollment decisions(Towson University. Department of Economics, 2016) Jung, Juergen; Shrestha, Vinish; Towson University. Department of EconomicsWe investigate the effect of the extension of the federal dependent coverage man- date for young adults under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on the college enrollment decisions of young Americans. The ACA removes the conditionality that young indi- viduals need to be enrolled as full-time students in order to be able to remain on their parents’ health insurance past the age of 18 and extends the coverage mandate to age 26 irrespective of student status. This expansion of the coverage mandate changes the incentives for the full-time and part-time college enrollment decisions of young individ- uals. We use panel data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) for the years 2003–2013 and estimate that the dependent coverage expansion under the ACA decreases the probability to enroll as full-time student by 2 to 3 percentage points. Furthermore we find that part-time college enrollment is unaffected by the new policy. The results from a difference-in-differences model are robust to changes in the model specification and become stronger when we increase the sample overlap between treatment and control groups using trimming based on propensity scores. ItemAging and health financing in the U.S.: a general equilibrium analysis(Towson University. Department of Economics, 2016) Jung, Juergen; Tran, Chung; Chambers, Matthew; Towson University. Department of EconomicsWe quantify the effects of population aging on the U.S. healthcare system. Our analysis is based on a stochastic general equilibrium overlapping generations model of endogenous health accumulation calibrated to match pre-2010 U.S. data. We find that population aging not only leads to large increases in medical spending but also a large shift in the relative size of private vs. public insurance. Without the Affordable Care Act (ACA), aging by itself leads to a 40 percent increase in health expenditures by 2060 and a 9.6 percent increase in GDP which is mainly driven by the increase of the fraction of older higher-risk individuals in the economy as well as behavioral responses to aging and the subsequent expansion of the healthcare sector. Aging increases the premium in group-based health insurance (GHI) markets and enrollment in GHI decreases, while the individual-based health insurance (IHI) market, Medicaid and Medicare expand significantly. The size of Medicare will double by 2060 as the elderly dependency ratio increases. Additional funds equivalent to roughly 2.8 percent of GDP are required to finance Medicare and Medicaid. The introduction of the ACA increases the fraction of insured workers to almost 100 percent by 2060, compared to 82 percent without the ACA. This increase is driven by the stabilization of GHI markets and the further expansions of Medicaid and the IHI market. The ACA mitigates the increase of healthcare costs by reducing the number of the uninsured who pay the highest market price for healthcare services. Overall, the ACA adds to the fiscal cost of population aging mainly via the Medicaid expansion. Our findings demonstrate the importance of accounting for behavioral responses, structural changes in the healthcare sector and general equilibrium adjustments when assessing the economy-wide effects of aging. ItemFrom Idea to Instagram: How an Academic Library Marketing Committee Created a Character for the YouTube Generation(Rowman & Littlefield, 2016-05) Putnam, Laksamee; Garczynski, Joyce; Woznicki, LisaAfter observing low usage statistics for a handful of library services, Albert S. Cook Library’s Marketing Committee decided to create videos to promote underutilized resources. In past videos, the library relied on student actors, but it became increasingly difficult to find students willing to participate. As a result, the library purchased a puppet and then created videos featuring him. This chapter details how committee members created the puppet’s persona and scripted, filmed, edited, promoted and assessed the effectiveness of these videos. The chapter concludes with considerations for other libraries wishing to develop their own character-centric promotional campaigns. ItemThe good, the bad, and the media: distinguishing Islam from Islamic terrorism and the role media plays in spreading Islamophobia(2017-05-12) Manning, TylerThe text of a talk on the topic of educating against Islamophobia, given during the "Advocacy and Resistance in Education" panel of the 2017 Shadows Symposium. ItemOptimal progressive income taxation in a Bewley-Grossman framework(Towson University. Department of Economics, 2017-03) Jung, Juergen; Tran, Chung; Towson University. Department of EconomicsWe study the optimal income tax progressivity in a Bewley-Grossman model where individuals are exposed to income and health risks over the lifecycle. Our results, based on a calibration for the US economy, indicate that the presence of health shocks requires the government to set higher optimal levels of tax progressivity in order to provide more social insurance for unhealthy low income individuals who have limited access to health insurance. The optimal progressive income tax system includes a tax break for income below $36, 400 and high marginal tax rates of over 50 percent for income earners above $200, 000. The tax progressivity (Suits) index—a Gini coefficient for income tax contributions by income—of the optimal tax system is around 0.53, compared to 0.17 in the benchmark tax system. Welfare gains from switching to the optimal tax system amount to over 5 percent of compensating lifetime consumption. The presence of health risk amplifies the social insurance role of the progressive income tax system. The optimal tax system in our model with health risk is more progressive than the optimal tax systems in models without health risk (e.g., Conesa and Krueger (2006) and Heathcote, Storesletten and Violante (2017)). When health risk is removed from the model, the optimal tax system becomes less progressive and thus more similar to the optimal progressivity levels reported in the literature. In addition, the optimal level of tax progressivity is strongly affected by the design of the health insurance system. ItemThe poetic mode of resistance: advancing social awareness through Gibson's spoken-word poetry(2017-05-12) Buckman, NathanThe text of a talk analyzing Andrea Gibson's poetry, given during the "Resisting Psychologies" panel of the 2017 Shadows Symposium. ItemRationalized authenticity and the transnational spread of intangible cultural heritage(Elsevier, 2019-08) Elliott, Michael A.; DeSoucey, Michaela; Schmutz, Vaughn; Towson University. Department of Anthropology, Sociology & Criminal JusticeThe 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage was adopted by UNESCO to enshrine and preserve exemplars of the intangible heritage of humanity – practices, traditions, and cultural expressions – on a global register. In our view, this convention highlights a tension between the valorization of cultural diversity on one hand and the universal relevance and value of masterpieces of intangible heritage to all humankind on the other. We introduce the term rationalized authenticity to refer to processes by which this tension is mitigated through simultaneous 1) fostering of a diversity of ways that heritage may be expressed or understood and 2) translation into rationalized forms that demonstrate the transnational relevance of cultural heritage. Based on a comparative analysis of three diverse examples of heritage on UNESCO’s list from outside the core of the cultural world system – tango from Argentina and Uruguay, acupuncture and moxibustion from China, and the Kodály concept from Hungary – we show how rationalized authenticity encourages the adoption of alternative definitions of cultural heritage and also facilitates the transnational spread and transformation of select masterpieces of intangible heritage. ItemTransitioning youth policy: marginalizing adolescents with intellectual disabilities(2017-05-12) Herbert, Teresa L.The text of a talk on the topic of the marginalization of youth with intellectual disabilities, given during the "Advocacy and Resistance in Education panel of the 2017 Shadows Symposium.