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ItemDigital Forensics, A Need for Credentials and Standards(2019-03-31) Zahadat, Nima; School of Criminal Justice; Digital ForensicDespite the phenomenal growth in the digital world and crimes committed using digitaltechniques and tools, there are literally no foundational requirements to perform digitalforensic investigations. While there are several private and mostly for-profit organizationsthat “sell” training and certifications regarding digital forensics credentials, at the federaland state level in the United States, there seem to be nothing of the kind ItemDonald Trump, The Substitute Teacher of Presidents(Salon.com, 2017-12-30) Watkins, DwightDonald Trump, the substitute teacher of American presidents. A glimpse of the four years to come, in which chaos reigns and nothing of any substance gets done ItemEffects of Chat-based Interface on User Engagement(2017-06-29) Rusin, Kayo; Walsh, Greg; Division of Science, Information Arts, and Technologies; Interaction Design and Information ArchitectureChat-based User Interfaces (UI) have become popular in transactional applications such as in the finance and news industry. Although this trend has been noted, the effects this has on user engagement have not been well documented. After completing a literature review to better understand the appeal chat-based UI has on users, a result from a theoretical framework will be extrapolated in an attempt to examine how interactivity was affected when translating a traditional game (Neko Atsume) into a chat-based game (The Dog Lover's Yard). ItemGetting a Second Chance with a University Education: Barriers & Opportunities(springer, 2019-04-08) Ross, Jeffrey; School of Criminal JusticeAs part of the prisoner reentry process, many formerly incarcerated individualsare choosing to enroll in universities to earn bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees. Some cannot immediately begin their studies and must take remedial classes. Oth- ers, because of preparations they have done before release, can start classes on the ﬁrst day of school. The following paper poses and attempts to answer six interrelated questions connected to excons taking classes at universities, the challenges they encounter, and ways to smooth the process for the universities in general and faculty, staﬀ, administrators, and other students in particular. ItemGirlsTeam: What if Kim Kardashian was a STEM role model?(2019-06-22) Lieberman, Jessica; Walsh, Greg; Blodgett, Bridget; Yale Gordon College of Arts and Sciences; Interaction Design and Information ArchitectureThe purpose of this paper is to examine the lack of interest young women have in Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM) degrees and careers. The numbers of available STEM jobs are increasing, but there is a lack of women filling those positions. This paper examines gender biases and stereotypes that may influence young women when choosing whether or not to pursue a STEM as a college major and/or career. I explored potential design solutions to the problem with girls from Baltimore City. The methodology used for this research was design thinking, which consists of emphasizing, defining, ideating, prototyping, and testing the problem. The research was executed in seven 60-minute sessions conducted in a classroom. During these sessions, we discussed STEM jobs, existing STEM resources, gender norms perceived of girls, and produced suggestions for new resources. Our discoveries yielded several recommendations for teachers, designers, and others. Specifically, STEM resources should: (1) Use co-design to expose students to STEM, (2) teach students about STEM professionals in a school setting, (3) introduce students to STEM professionals and encourage those relationships, and (4) teach students about STEM early on. Item“Hidden Fences” isn’t Just a Dumb Gaﬀe: Golden Globes Nails “La La Land” all Night Long but Stumbles Over Black Films(Salon.com) Watkins, Dwight“Hidden Fences” isn’t just a dumb gaffe: Golden Globes nails “La La Land” all night long but stumbles over black films. Is it too much to ask that acclaimed black artists and 3lms get as much respect in Hollywood as their white peers? ItemThe holdings markup behavior of mutual funds: evidence from an emerging market.(Review of Quantitative Finance & Accounting, 2018-02) Wang, Ching-Chang; Yu, Jerry; Finance & EconomicsThis paper uncovers a seasonal mutual fund holdings markup pattern in Taiwan's market. Specifically, we find that fund's equity holdings jump up significantly at the quarter ends and year-end while drop back immediately to the previous level in the following month. While the holdings markup pattern found in this paper may look similar to the price markup phenomenon found by Carhart et al. (J Finance 57:661-693, 2002), the mechanism used by fund managers in the performance inflation may be quite different. In specific, while Carhart et al. (J Finance 57:661-693, 2002) document that fund managers use the stocks currently held in their portfolio to mark up the fund performance, we find that fund managers in fact use both the stocks already held in their portfolio and the new stocks to mark up their holdings. Furthermore, Carhart et al. (J Finance 57:661-693, 2002) do not explicitly examine if there exists a holdings markup in addition to the price markup. In this study, we fill this gap by directly exploring the holdings markup behavior by the fund managers. We also identify the specific stock characteristics that fund managers prefer in their holdings markup. In specific, fund managers prefer to trade growth stocks, stocks with larger market capitalization, higher institutional ownership, higher quality of earnings, and stocks in the high-tech industry, to inflate the fund performance. We also find that fund managers tend to avoid stocks that are herded by other funds. ItemHypermasculinity & Dickwolves: The Contentious Role of Women in the New Gaming Public(Routledge, 2012) Salter, Anastasia; Blodgett, Bridget MarieAs video games have attracted more critical attention and theoretical discourse and games play a more visible part in our media landscape, the modern video game community impacts the wider world of online culture and warrants more detailed study. Using the case of the Dickwolves incident from Penny Arcade.com, the authors address issues of hypermasculinity and sexism within the gaming community and how this lens brings to light issues with a hostile response to the expression of a female identity or femininity. The authors argue that this case highlights how the hypermasculine discourse encourages the overt privileging of masculinity over femininity and discourages women from engaging in gendered discourse within the community. ItemThe Impact of Varying Leader Culture Types on Organizational Change Initiatives(2018-05-05) Norris, Meghan; Wachhaus, Aaron; Sowa, Jessica; Tan, Rae; College of Public Affairs; Doctor of Public AdministrationThe nature of homeostatic organizations makes change difficult, yet organizations promote change to meet new visions, new goals and to address organizational deficiencies. Commonly used change management tools, known in this research as process change models, focus on the art of change, the steps needed to move people from one state to another and how to deal with the barriers between the former and desired states of change. It is within the change process that organizational and individual cultures are impacted. Process change models indicate the importance of and value of organizational culture, yet do not equip change agents with means to clearly identify organizational culture types prior to, during and after a change initiative. Documented failure rates of change are high. Because of the high rate of change failure, the frequent use of process change models and the inability for process change models to identify culture types at the organizational or individual level, the aim of this study is to determine how closely aligned organizational culture types are among leader and staff roles. Different culture types in a single organization among functional groups with distinct mission can cause change disruption and reduce the likelihood of new behavior acceptance. When organizational leaders, change agents, and staff share culture types successful change is more likely. To this end, this research addresses three questions: (1) How closely aligned are culture types, existing and preferred, of the Change Leader – each groups’ change agent with those of the Formal Leader, organizational leadership, and staff culture types within their functional group during a technology and process? (2) How aligned are culture types among Change Leaders – each groups’ change agent in a single organization? (3) How aligned are Change Leader culture types and change success? The research questions are answered through a modified online Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) and semi-structured interviews. This research identifies that culture types among different organizational roles vary in each of the organization’s functional groups. The unknown differences in culture across the organizations can be a contributing factor to failed change. ItemIn Between Words: Communications in Response to Metaphysical Questions(2018-05-19) Knox, Andrew; ODonnell, Thomas; Yale Gordon College of Arts and Sciences; Integrated Design MFAWhen I began this project, I knew I wanted to address metaphysical questions, the big questions if you will. I didn’t know how I would address them or distribute my findings, but I knew I wanted to take the opportunity to devote serious time and effort into researching these questions. The questions I decided on weren’t found in a philosophy book or work of literature, I found them in a painting, or more specifically its title. Paul Gauguin’s masterpiece, Where do we come from? What are we? and Where are we going? fit right into my idea of big questions. The simplicity of these questions in relation to the vastness of their concepts created an irresistible contrast. I wanted to bring this same contrast to my project and create a visual language that supported it. These questions became the scaffolding on which I would fasten the rest of my project. ItemLack of Oversight and Credentialing Process for Digital Forensic Investigators(ISACA JOURNAL, 2018-08-28) Zahadat, Nima; School of Criminal Justice; Digital ForensicDespite the phenomenal growth in the digital world and crimes committed using digital techniques and tools, there are literally no foundational requirements to perform digital forensic investigations. While there is a slew of private and mostly for-profit organizations that sell training and certifications in regard to digital forensic credentials, there seems to be nothing of the kind at the federal and state levels in the United States. To understand the gravity of this, consider if attorneys did not attend law schools and were not required to take the bar exam where they practice and instead could take some private certification from a nonprofit or for-profit organization and then practice law. This is the precise situation when it comes to digital forensics investigators. ItemPursuing the Promises of Social Media? Changes in Adoption and Usage of Social Media by the Top 10 Police Departments(Information Polity, 2016-07-01) Edlins, Mariglynn; Brainard, LoriRecent academic literature highlights the potential benefits of social media use by government agencies, such as police departments (PDs). This study builds on previous work to explore whether and how the top 10 U.S. police departments changed their social media use between two points in time. To do this, we examine what, if any, changes have occurred in PDs' use of social media, their use of it for interaction, as well as their use of the platforms for dialogic communication. Our findings suggest that there is change, yet the change is slow and not always in the direction of hype. ItemResilience Enhancement of Distribution Grids Against Extreme Weather Events(IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 2018) Ma, Shanshan; Su, Liu; Wang, Zhaoyu; Qiu, Feng; Guo, Ge; Information System and Decision Sciences; Information System and Decision SciencesThis paper proposes a resilience-oriented design (ROD) technique to protect distribution grids against high-impact but low-probability extreme weather events. The problem is formulated as a two-stage stochastic mixed-integer problem. The first stage is to make ROD decisions, i.e., hardening existing distribution lines and deploying ROD resources such as back-up distributed generators (DGs) and automatic switches. The second stage evaluates the system operation cost during a realized extreme weather event and repair cost after the event. A novel modeling strategy is proposed to deal with the decision-dependent uncertainty of distribution line damage status which is affected by the first-stage hardening decisions. As both stages have binary variables, a modified and computationally efficient progressive hedging algorithm with scenario bundling is introduced. The algorithm performance is evaluated by calculating lower bounds of solutions. The proposed model and algorithms are demonstrated on 34-bus and 123-bus test feeders. ItemRisk Management and Internal Control: A Study of Managment Accounting Practice(Emerald Publishing, 2018) Bento, Regina; Mertins, Lasse; White, Lourdes; Accounting; AccountingThis article examines management accounting practice in relation to the two aspects of Enterprise Risk Management (ERM): risk management and internal controls. ItemThe Systemic Impacts of Integrated Mobile Healthcare in a State-Wide Emergency Medical Services System(2019-04) Flint, Diane; Wachhaus, T. Aaron; Wyatt-Nichol, Heather; Bissell, Richard; College of Public Affairs; Doctor of Public AdministrationIntegrated Mobile HealthCare (IMHC) relatively new aspect of pre-hospital care that has the potential for positive fiscal and operational impacts on emergency medical services. This study evaluates the state of Maine's IMHC program, the first statewide IMHC program in the United States and its fiscal, operational and statistical impacts on the healthcare of the Maine populous and provides suggestions for program improvement and future research. ItemAn updated assessment of personal protective order statutes in the United States: Have statutes become more progressive in the past decade?(Violence Against Women, 2017-08-21) Richards, Tara; Tudor, Alison; Gover, AngelaThe Personal Protection Order (PPO) is one civil intervention all states provide to victims of domestic violence; however, each state varies widely in who can access PPOs, what protections are included in PPOs, and how they are enforced. Given the many changes to state PPO statutes over the last decade, this research replicates and updates DeJong and Burgess-Proctor’s research on PPOs’ victim-friendliness (using states’ 2003 PPO statutes) by examining states’ 2014 PPO statutes. Findings suggest that states have become more victim-friendly with most states ranking in the highest category of victim-friendliness. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. ItemWhy didnt the Watchdaogs Bark? Internal Auditing and The Wells Fargo Scandal(Acadmeny of Managment, 2019-08-01) Antonacopolou, Elena; Bento, Regina; White, Lourdes; AccountingHow can we explain the silence of internal auditing amid signs that fraud is arising and spreading within an organization? Internal auditors are supposed to be “watchdogs” (Roussy, 2013), entrusted with the formal responsibility of sounding the alarm about the risk of fraud, corporate misconduct and wrongdoing. However, internal auditing seems to have remained remarkably quiet as the cross-selling fraud at Wells Fargo’s Community Bank Division unfolded and grew over the years, finally blossoming into a massive, wide-open scandal in 2016 that is still reverberating in 2019. Here we build on this example to examine issues that transcend individual responsibility and may impair the “watchdog” function of internal auditing as a profession. We examine internal auditing as an emerging profession where shifting and contested boundaries create tensions that may result in blind spots towards corporate misconduct and wrongdoing. We explore how the application of three classic tenets of accounting -- scope, compliance and materiality – may inadvertently contribute to blind spots, leading even well-meaning and well-trained “watchdogs” to be sidetracked. We conclude with implications for the socialization and practice of internal auditors, emphasizing the need for alertness and practical wisdom in the application of tenets so deeply ingrained in the profession.