Browsing by Type "action research papers"
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ItemAbsenteeism: A Descriptive Study of Student and Staff Perceptions(2018-07) Sullivan, Lisa; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the perceptions of students and staff participating in a self-paced blended-learning environment on the topic of absenteeism. The research and its findings examine the similarities and differences between the perceptions of students who receive special education services and their non-disabled peers. In addition, the research and its findings determine similarities and differences between the perceptions of students and staff. The reviewed literature examines the disproportionality in absenteeism rates between special education students and non-disabled peers, factors related to absenteeism, consequences of absenteeism, and interventions. Derived from the literature, survey questions were created and posed to voluntary and anonymous participants. The results revealed that there are more similarities than differences between student perceptions but some significant differences between staff and student perceptions. Implications of the study reveal the need for an increase in systemic interventions to help decrease overall absenteeism rates with a focus on aligning staff efforts with student needs. ItemThe Academic Effect of a Summer Transition Program for 9th Grade Students(2019-05) Jewell, Emily; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine if a transition program between eighth and ninth grade will improve academic performance. The measurement tool was the Baltimore County Public School Report Card. This study involved the use of posttest design using data collected from the report cards of students. There is no significance between the two different grounds. Research in this area should continue as this time period in an adolescent's life is very important to help the student succeed in school. ItemThe Academic Effects of Kinesthetic Movement With Multiplication Fact Acquisition Instruction for Students in Third Grade(2016-05) Metzler, Rachel; Hecht, Allison; Quinton, Jan; Masters of EducationThe study evaluated the effects of kinesthetic movement used throughout instruction to determine whether or not there were academic benefits from the use of movement with third graders in a co-taught classroom. The students were learning multiplication (facts 0-10) over a three week period of time. In the class, students were matched based on ability and separated into standard (n = 9) and kinesthetic instruction (n = 9) groups. Both groups consisted of male and female students with and without IEPs. The traditional instruction group learned the multiplication facts while staying stationary and seated at their desks. The kinesthetic movement group learned the multiplication facts while jumping or hopping as they orally recited the facts. Next, students completed a post-assessment that was identical to the pre-assessment. The null hypothesis was used in the study. There was no significant difference in the post-test multiplication scores of the kinesthetic instruction group (Mean = 66.56, SD = 20.86) and the standard instruction group: (Mean = 60.33, SD = 23.89) [t(8) = .92, p = .39]. The null hypothesis was retained. Implications for future research regarding kinesthetic movement and instruction are discussed. ItemThe Academic Experience of Students of Color in a Liberal Arts Institution(2010-05) Brown, Ian; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study is to determine whether students of color choose liberal arts colleges for similar or different reasons compared to white students, and during the liberal arts experience, how the selection of courses and majors of students of color compares to those of white students. This study involved interviewing four sample groups: freshmen of color and white freshmen, and seniors of color and white seniors. The reasons for choosing a liberal arts education were generally similar between students of color and white students. Their reasons included small size, sense of community, and rigor in both arts and academics. There were however, a few differences, possibly due to the fact that the students of color in liberal arts colleges, other than different skin color, do not bring much diversity. Therefore, despite the change in populations of the liberal arts college from its inception to today, it is still very selective as to what type of student of color is attracted based on her/his high school education. ItemAcademic Impact of Participation on a Division III Men’s Lacrosse Team(2014-12) Phelps, Jeremy; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine if participation on an intercollegiate men’s lacrosse team would impact the academic performance of students. Data was gathered from the 2012, 2013 and 2014 academic years and compared through the use of a dependent t-test. The study showed no relation between participation on the men’s lacrosse team and positive or negative performance in the classroom. Research in the area of the impact of athletics on academic performance should continue as there are many other factors that could be considered in this area. ItemAcademic Impacts of Vocational Training on Transition Age Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities(2021-05-11) Rosenkrans, Jaclyn M.; Masters of EducationThis study was completed to determine if mathematical, reading, and adaptive living skills can be addressed within a multi-level vocational training program for students of transition age diagnosed with significant cognitive disabilities. This study used a quasi-experimental design comprised of a small group sampling. Participants included six students ages 16-21 previously diagnosed with a significant cognitive disability receiving instruction outside the general education classroom within a public separate day school. The results of this study indicate that vocational training resulted in a positive improvement in mathematics, reading, and adaptive behavior for students with significant cognitive disabilities. It would be valuable for future researchers to implement a similar vocational program in another school setting or for an extended length of time to determine if a greater performance age increase occurs or if the results are comparable to other members of this population. ItemAccommodations for Students with Disabilities(2010-05) Thompson, Marsha S.; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study is to determine whether general education teachers were knowledgeable about the types of accommodations needed by their students and whether they provide these accommodations. The measurement tool was a survey created by the researcher. This study involved general education teachers at Chesapeake High School. Results indicated that although 100% of the respondents are willing to provide accommodations fewer reported providing required accommodations. Research in the area of the benefits and obstacles to teachers to be able to provide accommodations to students with disabilities should be given priority. Although teachers appear to be willing to provide accommodations, full implementation of those accommodations is lacking. ItemAchievement in Spanish Class for Middle School Students through eLearning(2021-05-06) Nunez, Adriana; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine whether the type of delivery of virtual instruction would affect the achievement of middle school students in Spanish class. The study was conducted with seventy-eight Middle School students enrolled in 8th grade located in Baltimore County, MD. This study evaluated students’ Spanish speaking assessments when lessons were provided with asynchronous as compared to synchronous instruction. Analysis was conducted with a dependent samples t-test. Results suggest that students who in a synchronous class scored higher than students in an asynchronous class. Overall, data indicate that students who took the asynchronous class had more difficulty familiarizing themselves with the structure and pronunciation of words. It appeared that students receiving synchronous instruction were more confident in their Spanish speaking skills. ItemADHD and Motivation(2010-05) Barnes, Amanda; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine whether an arts integrated enrichment curriculum would have a greater increase on achievement over a direct instruction curriculum for students with ADHD. The findings showed higher achievement when using the enrichment curriculum than when the direct method was utilized. This indicates that for students with ADHD providing them with the opportunity to interact more the subject matter produced higher achievement. Research in the area of attention and achievement in ADHD students should continue given that there are more students diagnosed with ADHD each year and that classroom teachers are faced with the task of engaging each student and helping him/her reach his/her full academic potential. ItemAlternative Education: Two Examples In Rural New Hampshire(2011-07) Mitchell, John G.; Masters of EducationThis descriptive research paper investigates general characteristics of at-risk populations, the extent and effect of the U.S. dropout epidemic, and how alternative learning environments can effectively address individual, family, peer, school, and community needs of students at-risk of academic failure. Ten to twenty percent of adolescents in this nation are considered at-risk of not graduating high school or obtaining the necessary skills to become productive citizens. Large, traditional school environments may have contributed to this failure because of the challenges they face in differentiating instruction for each student and the pressure to achieve state and federal performance standards. Alternative learning environments have become an increasingly popular option for students who struggle to find success in traditional settings. However, these environments have their own challenges. Findings in this study are supported by interviews with students and faculty from two alternative learning environments in rural New Hampshire. It compares how a private alternative boarding school, Oliverian School, and a public charter school, Ledyard Charter School, address the needs of targeted populations. These schools have small student-teacher ratios, dedicated staff, focused school mission, flexible curriculum. By connecting education to real-world scenarios they promote confidence building and academic achievement. ItemAnalysis of Hands on Activity and Student Engagement in Middle School Eighth Grade Science Students(2018-05-07) Carolan, Paula; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine whether hands-on activity in a middle school science setting would increase engagement which would then increase the test scores of one group of students versus another group that was not taught using hands-on activities. The study was a pretest/posttest design, with a teacher’s observation checklist to measure student time spent on task. A measurement tool was created by the researcher to record on-task engagement during each lesson. There was no difference in engagement of eighth grade Environmental Science students when hands-on activities were provided over textbook activities with the exception that the hands-on group had more meaningful discussion the topic with their peers. In the future, additional research could expand on the current study by including a larger sample sizes and a longer observational period. ItemAnalysis of Primary Sources and Student Engagement in Middle School Social Studies Classrooms(2017-07) Gore, Maria; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study is to determine if the use of primary sources in middle school social studies classes would impact student engagement. The measurement tool used was created by the teacher and based on the findings of Lee in the article “The Relationship between Student Engagement and Academic Performance: Is it a Myth or Reality?” The study was quasi-experimental and used a pre- and posttest design with a comparison group. There was no statistically significant increase in student engagement when either primary or secondary sources were used, with the exception that students who analyzed secondary sourced avoided disruptions more frequently than their peers who analyzed primary sources. ItemAn Analysis of the Interaction between Continuous Personal Growth and Technological Change in the Work Place(2014-07) Ramina, Jennifer H.; Masters of EducationThe intent of this study was to determine if financial aid employees use computers to perform daily job responsibilities and if the users seek to improve their computer skills. The measurement tool was personal interviews with five financial aid staff members at a suburban, private liberal arts college. All workers interviewed reported using computers extensively every day. Males were more likely to practice using applications and to learn new programs in the pursuit of work and leisure activities. Numerous studies were done to determine computer use when organizations began implementing technology. Additional research is needed to determine the validity and advantages of continued technological training for users. ItemAre prerequisite skills needed in advanced placement courses?(2013-05) Marinucci, Mark; Masters of EducationThis Action Research attempted to determine if having prerequisite skills impact the success rate of the students in A.P. courses and if the students other courses were affected by the A.P. placement. One of the major decisions that school schedulers deal with is deciding who should be enrolled in Advanced Placement (A.P.) courses and who should not. One school of thought is that A.P. courses should be open for a greater amount of students who have not completed the prerequisite skills, as they would benefit from the additional rigor and demands of the course. Another school of thought is that by letting everyone into the class a teacher can only differentiate so much before the A.P. class becomes “watered down.” A third consideration is that minorities are underrepresented in A.P. classrooms across the country. What was found was that the students who had significant deficiencies in prerequisite skills also had significant disparities in their grades as compared to the grades of the students who did complete the prerequisite skills. ItemThe Association of Parental Involvement and Youth Athletes’ Self-Esteem(2017-07) Koehn, Rosina; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a connection between parental involvement and youth athletes’ self-esteem in a youth boys’ soccer team. The study used a descriptive design where 13 parents filled out a Parental Involvement in Sports Questionnaire and 16 youth soccer players filled out a Self-Description Questionnaire. The data showed that the youth soccer players were very confident in their skills and showed high self-esteem, while the parents placed little pressure on their children when it came to soccer. Additional research is needed to further explain the relationship between parental involvement and youth athletes’ self esteem. ItemAthletes' Satisfaction with Coaching Style(2011-05) Weisbrot, Mitchell; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to determine if athletes’ increased involvement in coaches training decisions would increase the enjoyment of the athlete in their sport. This study utilized a descriptive survey design that used a one-group post-test. The study included 90 male and female student athletes of eleven different NCAA sanctioned sports. The hypothesis was that the more involved the athlete is in the coaching decision-making process related to his or her sport, the higher the athlete’s satisfaction will be with participation in the sport. Results from the study demonstrated a positive relationship with the athletes’ satisfaction with their sport when the athletes were more involved in the coaching decision-making process related to their sport. The results in this study show coaches that athletes want to be a part of the decision-making process and when they feel they are more involved in this process, they then have a higher level of satisfaction with their team and coaches training. ItemAthletics and the Classroom: The Effect of Participation in School-Sponsored Sports on Academic Achievement and Perception of Classroom Work Habits(2016-05-12) Straub, Lauren; Waynant, Louise; Woods, Rebecca; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this research was to determine whether participation in school-sponsored sports was related to academic achievement, classroom work habits and students’ perceptions related to their courses and achievement. A survey was completed by 126 high school students whose second marking period grade point averages were accessed from school records. The investigator, a high school teacher and coach, compared self-report data regarding students’ decisions to play or not play a winter sport, athletes’ beliefs about whether their participation in sports affected their academic achievement, and all students’ perceptions of their classroom work habits and academic choices. The results indicated that student athletes’ mean grade point average was statistically significantly higher than that of the non-athletes. Student athletes also rated some of their classroom work habits as more diligent or rigorous than did non-athletes on average. Future research might inquire further about the motivations of student athletes in terms of course selection and work habits and how these further affect their options to participate in other activities, and how such participation affects their course selection and work habits. ItemAttention and Reading Achievement(2009-12) Carter, Melanie; Masters of EducationThis study examines the cause and effect relationship between attention and reading achievement. The study design relies on a correlational research process. Two sets of data were collected on the same group of students; the data collected was on student attention and reading achievement. The hypothesis is null the relationship between behavior management strategies and attention strategies for reading achievement, is supported by the study. There is no significant difference for all the areas tested; except for negative behavior which decreased significantly. The correlation test between negative and positive behavior and between reading error and reading time showed no significant difference either. ItemAttitudes of Coaches and Athletes: The Impact of Attitudes on Concussions in Athletics(2014-12) Valone, Stacie; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to explore coaches and athletes understanding of concussions and comparing what coaches and athletes themselves say about concussions. This study involved the use of surveys designed specifically towards athletes and coaches about the awareness, diagnosis and educational background of concussions. Research in this area should continue as there is very little information available regarding educational implications of coaches and athletes about concussions. ItemBefore-School Intervention and Fifth Grade Mathematics Achievement(2012-04) Winaker, Matthew; Masters of EducationThe purpose of this study was to examine if a before-school mathematics intervention program would have an impact on student mathematics achievement. The study used a quasiexperimental pretest/posttest design to identify any effects of the before-school intervention program on the mathematics achievement of the participants. The instrument that was used to measure mathematics achievement was the Scholastic Math Inventory (SMI). The SMI is a computer-based assessment created by Scholastic. It is designed to measure all mathematical strands as outlined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. The study began in November 2011 and concluded in April 2012. No significant improvement in mathematical achievement was observed for the students who participated in the intervention group. Future research on mathematical achievement could focus on the impact of an intervention program that focuses on struggling mathematics students. Future research could also incorporate an intervention program that lasts for an academic quarter or semester.