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ItemAbraham Lincoln and the Northern Anti-War Press(2009) Wertheimer, Daniel; History; Bachelor's DegreeThis paper is the culmination of a semester of study in the Frontiers course on Free Speech. Throughout the semester, the class explored both theoretical, normative concerns, as well as real-world case studies involving one of our most cherished civil liberties. A recurring source of controversy in the modern history of this right is the suppression of domestic dissent during periods of war. At the time of writing, the Patriot Act and other Bush Administration war-time measures remained highly controversial. However, many Americans are unaware that the policies of the previous president were far from unprecedented in our nation’s history. This paper relates the seldom discussed narrative of the Lincoln administration’s attitude towards anti-war publications in the North during the period of the Civil War. The fact that Abraham Lincoln routinely ranks as the most popular American president in national surveys, as well as the minefield of racial issues related to the Civil War, have likely prevented additional scrutiny of this episode. But despite the complexity of issues related to the freedom of expression, it is clear that the fragile nature of this right requires us to closely analyze every instance in which our government places limits on speech; Lincoln, our most popular president, may have been right to suppress anti-war sentiment in the North, but it is vital that his policies continue to receive scrutiny. ItemAn accidental prediction: The saga of antimatter's discovery(2014) Yeoh, Phoebe; Physics; Bachelor's DegreeFor my Modern Physics class, we were required to write a final paper on a topic of choice. I chose to explore the discovery of antimatter. As I wrote the draft, I felt both fascinated and overwhelmed. The story and the science behind it were exciting, but understanding their beauty required a lot of background knowledge. How could I explain a semester's worth of modern physics to a general audience, all within the span of a 10-page paper? I tried my best to distill complicated concepts into precise ideas and sentences, and hope that my finished work conveys the excitement I feel about antimatter's discovery - and physics in general - to readers. ItemADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES: Childhood Trauma as a Source of Health and Educational Disparities(2019) Arroyo, Andrés F. Córdoba; Graduate Programs in EducationAdverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have only been recently understood to play a crucial role in health outcomes for children as they become adolescents and adults. This understanding has also made it clear that health and its impact on education are to be studied as a combined matter and not two standalone aspects of a person’s life. For this reason, the research done to try to understand the impact of adverse childhood experiences is applicable to the 1 education field and can provide an understanding to educators about the students that they teach and the communities that they serve. ItemAlexey Pajitnov: Ackerman’s Main Three(2023-03-29) Owens, Jared; History; HIST490 - America and the History of Video GamesThis paper uses Tetris Effect: The Game that Hypnotized the World by Dan Ackerman to look into Alexey Pajitnov's life during his creation of Tetris. It uses three main points, Pajitnov’s early interest in puzzles, computers, and mathematics, the release of Tetris in 1984, and Pajitnov's move to the United States to explain how Tetris became the game it is today. These three points in Pajitnov's life seem to explain how Tetris gained its fame. ItemAn Anomalous Reaction of Silicon Oxide and Aluminum via Ball Milling(2007) Marx, Michelle; Physics; Bachelor's DegreePrevious studies have shown that the ball milling technique, which mechanically heats and releases energy, often causes a displacement reaction between various metals and metal oxides. Sometimes ball milling causes a selfpropagating heat synthesis reaction (SHS) to occur. This study was undertaken to see whether the ball milling technique could provide a method to extract pure silicon from silicon oxide. Since silicon oxide and aluminum are readily available materials, the ball milling process would be an easy and cost-efficient way to produce silicon. The parameters tested in this study included varying the amount of aluminum, total powder mass, number of balls (kinetic energy), and milling atmosphere. Parameters also tested were additions of acetone and alcohol. X-ray diffraction was used to determine what elements and compounds were present before and after ignition. This study discovered that when silicon oxide and aluminum are milled SHS does not occur despite the reaction being highly exothermic. It does not appear possible to slow down the localized reactions to the point where SHS can occur. ItemBeginning of a Ballet Barre(2004) Ruggiero, Amy; Dance and Theatre; Bachelor's DegreeDancers naturally pay more attention to feet than much of the general public. We depend on them to bend right, glide efficiently, stick when necessary, and support our turning, jumping, balancing, traveling bodies. Barrework at the beginning of a ballet class, especially, is designed around the feet. It is a time for them to become acquainted with the floor and prepare for the demands of dancing. It made sense, then, to focus in here on the two things dancers expect much from, but often take for granted. ItemThe Benefits of Bibliotherapy in the Classroom(2021-04-08) Juliana, Buttner; English; ENGL 308 - Social Sciences Advanced CompositionBibliotherapy offers more than just lessons. Students who have anxiety, phobias, and other mental disorders can take from stories and develop better coping mechanisms. One of the best and most effective ways to use bibliotherapy is to use it so students could grasp complicated concepts like math or the loss of a loved one. Applying scenarios and picture books that listed the same issues the child is going through and encouraging talk therapy alongside bibliotherapy has shown positive effects. ItemBeyond the Master Plot: Exceptional Literature in Stalin’s USSR(2012) Breen, Colin; Bachelor's DegreeI went into this paper with the intention of getting in over my head a bit. My initial topic was simply socialist realist literature, which forced me to involve myself in a whole genre of reading that I was not incredibly familiar with at the time. After involving myself in that world for a bit, I started instinctively guiding myself toward works that broke from tradition and presented deviations from an otherwise strongly controlled literary landscape. What I wound up with was a paper focusing on often unheralded works of literary transgression. It's a topic that I'm still learning about today, about five months after I handed in my final copy of "Beyond the Master Plot" and which deserves a great deal more research and attention than either my own amateur attempts or the academic world at large has thus far given it. After spending last semester studying in the former Soviet state of Kyrgyzstan, something that's come to my attention is just how incredibly varied Soviet art often was in Stalin's time, even more so than I might have given it credit for here, even if that variation often existed below the surface. Speaking with a Kyrgyz filmmaker who began work in the 50's, I was told that, to him, filmmaking was more interesting when the state controlled the media. According to him this kind of official barrier presented an artist with a challenge to his intentions, forcing him to abstract and reinvent his ideas in new ways. It's an environment that, while often capable of stifling artists, also often bred a new type of artist who was both incredibly creative and incredibly resilient, both of which were necessary if one hoped to function as an auteur within the state mechanism. This conversation greatly reinforced my belief in my thesis well after I'd handed it in, and was in part responsible for really pushing me to submit my paper to Verge in the first place. As a whole, this essay is something that I'm very proud of, but which was also responsible for getting me so interested in its topic that I really can't help but see the results therein as a kind of work in progress. Still, I hope that this essay represents an interesting look at a subject that I believe often gets written off or filed away under a single header. Item"The Bitter Dream": Internalized Racism in the Passing Narratives of the Harlem Renaissance(2012) Kulvete, Weston; Bachelor's DegreeThe Harlem Renaissance was a period of great artistic expression for black Americans following the end of the first world war. Authors, artists, singers, and dancers determined to gain recognition from the public used their cultural heritage for inspiration in their works. Novels, short stories, and poetry from the period provide a beautiful, sometimes tragic, but ultimately honest portrait of the black experience in the early 20th century. Several fine examples of art created in Harlem during this time have become an intergal part of the American canon. Several themes reoccur again and again in the works of this period. One of the more fascinating is the concept of racial passing. In many stories, a light-skinned African American character would, for various reasons, choose to place themselves in great danger by pretending to be white and integrating themselves into the American mainstream. These characters frequently had to cut ties with their past lives entirely, and risked everything in an attempt to access opportunities available only to the white majority. In my essay, I examine the passing narrative in several novels from the Harlem Renaissance, with a particular emphasis on George Schuyler's satirical Black No More and James Weldon Johnson's faux-confessional Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man. I examine the reasoning behind racial passing and attempt to uncover some of the more subconscious motivations found in these characters' decision. ItemBlack Excellence and Community: The Divine 9 at FSU(2023-05-09) Hughes, Erin; Blackmon, Javon; Metayer, Jacques; Tulloch, Victoria; Magement; MGMT356 - Leadership and Human BehaviorDivine Nine fraternities and sororities have given thousands of black students a sense of support and community while attending college and beyond. This review dives into the history of these organizations at Frostburg State University. The purpose of our study is to discover how these organizations started at Frostburg State and how they impacted the community. Throughout our research process, we interviewed faculty members of such organizations inquiring about their experiences and the impact the organization had on their lives. We also used other resources such as peer-reviewed journals and historical archives. This review aims to shine a light on the experiences of black students attending a predominantly white institution. ItemBlurring the Lines Between Captive and Master in Emma’s Mrs. Elton(2021) Fischbach, GraceJane Austen’s novel Mansfield Park sparked discussion about slavery and what Austen’s views were on the institution. Her subsequent novel, Emma, also delved into the realm of slavery. According to Paul Pickrel, the two novels are considered the “most unlike” of any of the novels published during Austen’s lifetime (Pickrel 135). While there are major differences between Emma and Mansfield Park, Pickrel argues in his article, “Emma as Sequel” that there are more similarities in between the novels in terms of character traits and plot events than differences, enough for him to call Emma a sequel to Mansfield Park. I will be extending Pickrel’s argument to include the discussion of slavery in both novels as another point of similarity. Slavery is not merely discussed or alluded to in Emma through the depiction of Miss Hawkins or the conversation between Jane Fairfax and Mrs. Elton over Jane wanting to be a governess. It is in fact pointedly alluded to elsewhere as well, notably a scene in Emma which has escaped prior notice in the literature, the Donwell Abbey strawberry picking scene. I argue that because Mansfield Park discusses its major theme, slavery, through Fanny Price, Emma rightly can be seen as a sequel that continues that discussion through Mrs. Elton and this particular overlooked scene. ItemBorder State Blues: A Civil War Scrapbook in Baltimore(2014) Huebner, Emily; History and Historic Preservation; Bachelor's DegreeThe process of writing this paper taught me how research is driven by curiosity. I was introduced to this series of Civil War scrapbooks a year before I wrote this paper for a public history seminar, and my first inquiries into the context and content of the scrapbooks led me to more questions about the circumstances and beliefs of the family that created them, as well as the tradition of scrapbooking itself. I realized that the newspaper clippings in the scrapbook were not going to give me the answers that I wanted; I would need to learn more about Baltimore during the Civil War and follow the clues the primary sources gave me to find out more. The only answers I would get were the ones that I found for myself. My public history class gave me the perfect chance to dig deeper into the context and content of these scrapbooks in order to understand their larger historical significance. This project gave me the opportunity to use my research skills to solve an intriguing mystery. ItemBreaking a Bi-Regional Addicion: Theories for the REduction of the Coca/Cocaine Trade(2009) Smith, Lily; Bachelor's DegreeComing into the world of college academia as a freshman, dedicated to resolving the troubles plaguing our world, I promised myself that my scholastic exploits would not look singularly at problems, but would investigate proactive solutions as well. I had stumbled across the topic of Andean cocaine production a year previously in an article that described the horrors that Bolivian communities face as a result of cocaine production. It seemed an interesting research topic, since there are clearly two sides with vastly different perspectives involved in the coca/cocaine trade: the Andean region, where cocaine is produced, and the United States, where it is predominantly consumed. Therefore, my paper looks at the two competing theories for the reduction of the coca/cocaine trade: supply-side and demand-side eradication, and concludes that in fact alternative crop development, an alternative to supply-side eradication, is actually the most viable method. ItemBroken Fragments of Immortality: Why People Will Always Love Peter Pan(2014) Richardson, Anna; Theatre; Bachelor's DegreeI wrote this paper for the senior Theater seminar, a two-semester long project where senior Theater majors choose, study and produce a show. We chose J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan, and I focused my research paper around the psychological foundations of the show, specifically the importance of fairy tales in children's development. I was, and continue to be, struck by the general feeling that Peter Pan is purely a happy, fantastical piece. It is not. After a year of studying the play, Barrie, the characters, and the history of all the above, I have grown to appreciate Peter Pan in a way I never would have otherwise. I also feel that I know Peter more intimately than most, and I hope to share my insight with you via this paper, which is, I must stress, only a tiny chip into what could be a very extensive argument. I do wish to say that although my paper talks mainly about the dark sides of Peter, I think he is a crucial figure and that I love the show for what it is, good and bad aspects aside. ItemThe Bureau of Land Management and Mustangs of the West(2017) Pardew, Isabelle; Wiese, Mary Jo; Writing Studies ItemThe Business and Trade Associations: America's Most Influential Interest Group Sector in the Health Care Reform Debate(2010) Fugate, Jessica; Bachelor's DegreeThis paper is a culmination of research conducted over the course of the fall 2009 semester for PSC 245: Interest Group Politics. Throughout the semester we discussed the origin of the interest group and their effect on American democratic politics and the populace. From Federalist #10, where Madison discusses factions and their necessity within a democratic system to theories questioning the concept of pluralism, which espouses equal representation amongst competing and countervailing influences. Notions such as fairness, equality, and access are often called into question when analyzing the influence and actions of interest groups in their pursuit of said policy-making goals. As Congress has conspicuously grown more polarized, the public’s ill view toward lobbyists and their influence have increased dramatically. However, despite this distrust the American voter has come to the realization that interest groups exercise an important part of our political system, their ability to act on behalf of those who cannot and will not speak for themselves. After all, the purpose of an interest group is to attempt to influence policy to the benefit of its members. The following research was the result of a class requirement to choose and examine an interest group within the health care reform debate. Following the research we were required to compile a research paper detailing our chosen groups lobbying techniques to determine which of our 6 groups were the most likely to succeed in achieving their policy goal, whether said group was for or against health care reform: H. R. 3962. The Business and Trade Associations is the largest sector whose apparent goal is to maximize profits. As such, its influence in terms of lobbying techniques is widely perceived to yield the most power in terms of funding. However, when evaluated in comparison to other interest group sectors, businesses in fact have more to lose than gain. The following research is structured beginning with the most successful interest group and will conclude with the group most likely to fail. My chosen 6 interest groups are Safeway, Wal- Mart, PepsiCo Inc., NFIB, NACS, and the U. S. Chamber of Commerce. ItemThe Cantonist Struggle and the Birth of the New Jew(2015) Bornstein, Aaron; Bachelor's DegreeIn 1827, Tsar Nicholas I instituted the Cantonist Decree, which led to the impressment of thousands of Jewish children into the Russian army. While officially, Jewish religious freedom was to be protected, the unofficial goal of the Cantonist system was to assimilate Russia’s Jewish minority. By encouraging the new institution of the Chapper or Kidnapper, the new legislation was successful in undermining the religious authority of the Kahal. Furthermore, many Cantonist children were coerced to convert to Russian Orthodoxy through abusive means. However, although the Cantonist system succeeded in converting over one third of Jewish recruits1 and led to the dissolution of the Kahal, the non-standard treatment of the Jewish minority contributed to a feeling of otherness that culminated in the strengthening of Jewish identity in spite of institutionalized anti-Semitism. ItemCatacombs and Courtship: Life Imitates the Gothic in Northanger Abbey(2014) Kulvete, Weston; English; Bachelor's Degree ItemCensorship of the BBC under Prime Ministers Thatcher and Blair(2007) Shull, Lauren; Bachelor's DegreeOne of the central pillars of American democracy is a free press; it has been called the fourth branch of government and is the only business protected in the Constitution. Protection in the most sacrosanct American document does not necessarily create an uncensored media. Many nations do better at preventing government interference in their media. One such nation is Great Britain, which obstructs the media’s functioning, including its partisan newspapers, far less often. But even Great Britain is not completely innocent; various Governments (we would call them administrations) use their political muscle to have a story told their way. Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair have both done what they could to protect their policies and images on screen and in print. Both have attempted to gain control over some of the output of the BBC, which is reputedly a bastion of democracy, balance and truth. As an aspiring journalist and professed Anglophile, I was intrigued to research levels of government censorship in the BBC, my favorite source of news and information. When I was studying at the London School of Economics through the Hansard Programme I decided to investigate. I focused on Mrs Thatcher and Mr Blair as two incredibly influential and widely divergent politicians. As different as their policies were their ways of handling the media. New Labour was not constrained by the Conservative Government that came before it, and so Mr Blair reinvented how Westminster interacted with the media, as well as the policies therein. ItemThe Central Concept of Struggle: Sayyid Qutb, Leo Strauss, Modernity and the Past(2006) Maltseva, Olga; Political Science and International Relations; Bachelor's DegreeAll of us--whether we are students or professors, young or old, political or apathetic--are children of the liberal philosophy that "progress" is the inevitable path towards the "good." Think about our speech: if "things are progressing" they are moving toward some desired goal. Yet, the positive connotation of the word "progress" belies one very crucial fact: we do not know what the future holds. Should we assume it will be positive? What if, in truth, progress was a downward spiral-and the best state our society can achieve has already happened, long ago, in a far-off virtuous past? The influential thinkers Leo Strauss (1899-1973) and Sayyid Qutb (1906-66) challenged the common assumption that progress is to be celebrated. Perplexed by the disturbing events of the twentieth century, they sought the 'ideal' not through modern progress but in the origins of their respective religious traditions, Judaism and Islam.