Set4 is a chromatin-associated protein, promotes survival during oxidative stress, and regulates stress response genes in yeast
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Type of Work16 pages
journal article post-print
Citation of Original PublicationKhoa Tran, Yogita Jethmalani, Deepika Jaiswal, and Erin M. Green Set4 is a chromatin-associated protein, promotes survival during oxidative stress, and regulates stress response genes in yeast, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2018, 293: 14429 - doi:10.1074/jbc.RA118.003078
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The Set4 protein in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains both a PHD finger and a SET domain, a common signature of chromatin-associated proteins, and shares sequence homology with the yeast protein Set3, the fly protein UpSET, and the human protein mixed-lineage leukemia 5 (MLL5). However, the biological role for Set4 and its potential function in chromatin regulation has not been well defined. Here, we analyzed yeast cell phenotypes associated with loss of Set4 or its overexpression, which revealed that Set4 protects against oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide. Gene expression analysis indicated that Set4 promotes the activation of stress response genes in the presence of oxidative insults. Using ChIP analysis and other biochemical assays, we also found that Set4 interacts with chromatin and directly localizes to stress response genes upon oxidative stress. However, recombinant Set4 did not show detectable methyltransferase activity on histones. Our findings also suggest that Set4 abundance in the cell is balanced under normal and stress conditions to promote survival. Overall, these results suggest a model in which Set4 is a stress-responsive, chromatin-associated protein that activates gene expression programs required for cellular protection against oxidative stress. This work advances our understanding of mechanisms that protect cells during oxidative stress and further defines the role of the Set3–Set4 subfamily of SET domain–containing proteins in controlling gene expression in response to adverse environmental conditions.