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dc.contributor.authorGarrison, Lance P.
dc.description.abstractdocumented the patterns of vertical distribution and abundance of zoeae from 3 families of brachyuran crabs in the York River, a sub-estuary in southern Chesapeake Bay (USA). The family groups included species from Ocypodidae. Pinnotheridae, and Panopeidae. I assessed the effects of light and tidal current stage on the abundance and vertical distribution of zoeae using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and logistic regression Clear behavioral patterns were evident in the logistic regression. Ocypodid larvae exhibited t~dally timed behavior with larvae nearest the surface during ebb tides. Pinnotherid larval behaviors were correlated with both light and tidal current phase. Larvae were nearest the surface at night and during ebb tides. Panopeid larvae were near the bottom durlng early flood tldes, near mid-depths during late flood and early ebb tides, and nearest the surface during late ebb tides. These behavioral patterns should result in horizontal distributions that are consistent with those observed in previous studies. The ANOVA reflected similar results; however, high variablllty between replicates weakened the significance of these patterns. The different analyses reflect processes on different spatial and temporal scales. The samples were replicated on short time scales (5 to 10 min). The logistic regression, a categorical analysis, largely ignores the variation between replicates and reflects average behaviors on the scale of several tidal cycles. In contrast, the ANOVA is highly sensitive to the variation between replicates and reflects patterns on scales of minutes. This high variation reflects turbulent vertical mixing and fine-scale horizontal patchiness In larval distribution. Small-scale physical processes that redistribute larvae both vertically and horizontally may have a strong influence on the variability in dispersal and recruitment success.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for equipment and supplies was provided by the NOAA Office of Sea Grant, U.S. Department of Commerce, Grant no. NA-9OAA-D-SG-45 to the Virginia Graduate Marine Science Consortium and Virginia Sea Grant College Program. Financial support for the author was generously provided by the Willard A. Van Engel Foundation. VIMS Contribution No. 2en_US
dc.format.extent11 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articlesen_US
dc.identifier.citationLance P. Garrison, Vertical migration behavior and larval transport in brachyuran crabs, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser , Vol. 176: 103-113,1999,
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Biological Sciences Department Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Faculty Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.subjectvertical migrationen_US
dc.subjectLarval behavioren_US
dc.subjectLarval transporten_US
dc.titleVertical migration behavior and larval transport in brachyuran crabsen_US

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