Now showing items 1-20 of 1910

    • Modeling Atmosphere-Ocean Radiative Transfer: A PACE Mission Perspective 

      Chowdhary, Jacek; Zhai, Peng-Wang; Boss, Emmanuel; Dierssen, Heidi M.; Frouin, Robert; Ibrahim, Amir; Lee, Zhongping; Remer, Lorraine Ann; Twardowski, Michael; Xu, Feng; Zhang, Xiaodong; Ottaviani, Matteo; Espinosa, William Reed; Ramon, Didier (Frontiers Media S.A, 2019-06-18)
      The research frontiers of radiative transfer (RT) in coupled atmosphere-ocean systems are explored to enable new science and specifically to support the upcoming Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud ocean Ecosystem (PACE) satellite ...
    • 4 pillars of college success in science 

      Hrabowski, Freeman (TED Conferences, LLC, 2013-02)
      At age 12, Freeman Hrabowski marched with Martin Luther King. Now he's president of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), where he works to create an environment that helps under-represented students -- ...
    • Minimizing Classification Energy of Binarized Neural Network Inference for Wearable Devices 

      Hosseini, Morteza; Paneliya, Hirenkumar; Kallakuri, Uttej; Khatwani, Mohit; Mohsenin, Tinoosh (2019-03-25)
      In this paper, we propose a low-power hardware for efficient deployment of binarized neural networks (BNNs) that have been trained for physiological datasets. BNNs constrain weights and feature-map to 1 bit, can pack in ...
    • A method for quantifying near range point source induced O₃ titration events using Co-located Lidar and Pandora measurements 

      Gronoff, Guillaume; Robinson, Joseph; Berkoff, Timothy; Swap, Robert; Farris, Betsy; Schroeder, Jeremy; Halliday, Hannah S.; Knepp, Travis; Spinei, Elena; Carrion, William; Adcock, Edward E.; Johns, Zachary; Allen, Danette; Pippin, Margaret (Elsevier Ltd., 2019-02-19)
      A ground-based tropospheric O3 lidar with unique vertical near-range capabilities was deployed in support of the larger OWLETS 2017 campaign on the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. It was ...
    • Flaring, Dust Formation, And Shocks In The Very Slow Nova ASASSN-17pf (LMCN 2017-11a) 

      Aydi, E.; Chomiuk, L.; Strader, J.; Swihart, S. J.; Bahramian, A.; Harvey, E. J.; Britt, C. T.; Buckley, D. A. H.; Chen, P.; Dage, K.; Darnley, M. J.; Dong, S.; Hambsch, F-J.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Jha, S. W.; Kochanek, C. S.; Kuin, N. P. M.; Li, K. L.; Monard, L. A. G.; Mukai, K.; Page, K. L.; Prieto, J. L.; Richardson, N. D.; Shappee, B. J.; Shishkovsky, L.; Sokolovsky, K. V.; Stanek, K. Z.; Thompson, T. (2019-03-21)
      We present a detailed study of the 2017 eruption of the classical nova ASASSN-17pf (LMCN 2017-11a), which is located in the Large Magellanic Cloud, including data from AAVSO, ASAS-SN, SALT, SMARTS, SOAR, and the Neil Gehrels ...
    • Stochastic Binary Opinion Model 

      Stamoulas, Serap Tay; Rathinam, Muruhan (2019-02-06)
      We study a stochastic binary opinion model where agents in a group are considered to hold an opinion of 0 or 1 at each moment. An agent in the group updates his/her opinion based on the group's opinion configuration and ...
    • A Unified Approach for Solving Sequential Selection Problems 

      Goldenshluger, Alexander; Malinovsky, Yaakov; Zeevi, Assaf (2019-05-27)
      In this paper we develop a unified approach for solving a wide class of sequential selection problems. This class includes, but is not limited to, selection problems with no-information, rank-dependent rewards, and considers ...
    • Fast estimation of genetic correlation for Biobank-scale data 

      Wu, Yue; Yaschenko, Anna; Heydary, Mohammadreza Hajy; Sankararaman, Sriram (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2019-01-20)
      Genetic correlation, i.e., the proportion of phenotypic correlation across a pair of traits that can be explained by genetic variation, is an important parameter in efforts to understand the relationships among complex ...
    • The Crystal Structure of Klebsiella pneumoniae FeoA Reveals a Site For Protein-Protein Interactions 

      Linkous, Richard O.; Sestok, Alexandrea E.; Smith, Aaron T. (2019-01-08)
      In order to establish infection, pathogenic bacteria must obtain essential nutrients such as iron. Under acidic and/or anaerobic conditions, most bacteria utilize the Feo system in order to acquire ferrous iron (Fe²⁺) from ...
    • PwoP: Intrusion-Tolerant and Privacy-Preserving Sensor Fusion 

      Jin, Chenglu; Dijk, Marten van; Reiter, Michael K.; Zhang, Haibin (2018-12-06)
      We design and implement, PwoP, an efficient and scalable system for intrusion-tolerant and privacy-preserving multi-sensor fusion. PwoP develops and unifies techniques from dependable distributed systems and modern ...
    • Intercomparison of Mixing Layer Heights from the National Weather Service Ceilometer Test Sites and Collocated Radiosondes 

      Hicks, Micheal; Demoz, Belay; Vermeesch, Kevin; Atkinson, Dennis (American Meteorological Society, 2019-01-21)
      A network of automated weather stations (AWS) with ceilometers can be used to detect sky conditions, aerosol dispersion, and mixing layer heights, in addition to the routine surface meteorological parameters (temperature, ...
    • The SFS Summer Research Study at UMBC: Project-Based Learning Inspires Cybersecurity Students 

      Sherman, Alan; Golaszewski, Enis; LaFemina, Edward; Goldschen, Ethan; Khan, Mohammed; Mundy, Lauren; Rather, Mykah; Solis, Bryan; Tete, Wubnyonga; Valdez, Edwin; Weber, Brian; Doyle, Damian; O’Brien, Casey; Oliva, Linda; Roundy, Joseph; Suess, Jack (2018-11-12)
      May 30-June 2, 2017, Scholarship for Service (SFS) scholars at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) analyzed the security of a targeted aspect of the UMBC computer systems. During this hands-on study, with ...
    • Towards Hiding Adversarial Examples from Network Interpretation 

      Subramanya, Akshayvarun; Pillai, Vipin; Pirsiavash, Hamed (2018-12-06)
      Deep networks have been shown to be fooled rather easily using adversarial attack algorithms. Practical methods such as adversarial patches have been shown to be extremely effective in causing misclassification. However, ...
    • Replicating Meyerhoff for inclusive excellence in STEM 

      Domingo, Mariano R. Sto.; Sharp, Starlette; Freeman, Amy; Freeman Jr., Thomas; Freeman, Thomas, Jr.; Harmon, Keith; Wiggs, Mitsue; Sathy, Viji; Panter, Abigail T.; Oseguera, Leticia; Sun, Shuyan; Williams, Mary Elizabeth; Templeton, Joseph; Folt, Carol L.; Barron, Eric J.; Hrabowski III, Freeman A.; Maton, Kenneth I.; Crimmins, Michael; Fisher, Charles R.; Summers, Michael F. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019-04-26)
    • The true nature of Swift J0746.3-1608: a possible Intermediate Polar showing accretion state changes 

      Bernardini, F.; de Martino, D.; Mukai, K.; Falanga, M. (2018-12-21)
      Optical and X-ray observations suggested that the 9.38 h binary, SWIFT J0746.3- 1608 could be a Cataclysmic Variable of the magnetic or nova-like type, or a low mass X-ray binary. Its optical, UV, and X-ray light curves ...
    • Emerging Infectious Diseases Videos for Prehospital Providers 

      Jenkins, J. Lee; Bissell, Richard; Wilson, Lucy; University of Maryland, Baltimore County; Department of Emergency Health Services: Maryland Department of Health (Cambridge University Press, 2019-05-06)
      Introduction: The prehospital disaster and emergency medical services community stands on the front-line in the response to events such as novel influenza, multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, and other high consequence ...
    • "Woe is me": Examining Older Adults' Perceptions of Privacy 

      Ray, Hirak; Wolf, Flynn; Kuber, Ravi; Aviv, Adam J. (ACM, 2019-05-04)
      We conducted a study of n = 20 older adults to better understand their mental models for what the term 'privacy' means to them in both digital and non-digital contexts. Participants were asked to diagrammatically represent ...
    • "Pretty Close to a Must-Have": Balancing Usability Desire and Security Concern in Biometric Adoption 

      Wolf, Flynn; Kuber, Ravi; Aviv, Adam J. (2019-05-09)
      We report on a qualitative inquiry among security-expert and non-expert mobile device users about the adoption of biometric authentication using semi-structured interviews(n=38, 19/19 expert/non-expert). Security experts ...
    • Direct Measurement of the Cosmic-Ray Proton Spectrum from 50 GeV to 10 TeV with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope on the International Space Station 

      Adriani, O.; CALET Collaboration (American Physical Society, 2019-05-10)
      In this paper, we present the analysis and results of a direct measurement of the cosmic-ray proton spectrum with the CALET instrument onboard the International Space Station, including the detailed assessment of systematic ...