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dc.contributor.authorMcWilliams, Elaina R.
dc.contributor.authorHunter, Bronwyn A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-03T16:43:18Z
dc.date.available2020-11-03T16:43:18Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-10
dc.description.abstractAcross multiple stigmatized groups, research suggests that stigma may negatively impact individual wellbeing. This impact often occurs through a sequential pathway that includes perceiving societal stigma, a diminished and stereotyped self‐concept (i.e., internalized stigma), experiences of discrimination and rejection, and attempts to cope with stigma (e.g., secrecy or withdrawal). While prior research supports individual links within this pathway, no study has evaluated a model representing the relationships between all of these factors in relation to criminal record stigma. This study utilized cross‐sectional data from an online survey of 198 adults to test the pathways through which criminal record‐related stigma impacts individual quality of life. The results indicated that perceived stigma was a significant predictor of discrimination and rejection experiences, secrecy coping strategies, and decreased quality of life. There was also a significant indirect association between perceived stigma and quality of life through secrecy coping. Consistent with recent criminal record stigma research, internalized stigma was low among respondents. These findings point to the importance of reducing criminal record stigma and discrimination, so that individuals with criminal records have more opportunities to enhance their quality of life without having to withdraw from society or keep their record a secret.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by funding from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Department of Psychology.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajcp.12454en_US
dc.format.extent35 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articles postprintsen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m2ev6k-daac
dc.identifier.citationElaina R. McWilliams and Bronwyn A. Hunter, The Impact of Criminal Record Stigma on Quality of Life: A Test of Theoretical Pathways, American Journal of Community Psychology, doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12454en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12454
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/20001
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Psychology Department Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Faculty Collection
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Student Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Elaina R. McWilliams and Bronwyn A. Hunter, The Impact of Criminal Record Stigma on Quality of Life: A Test of Theoretical Pathways, American Journal of Community Psychology, doi: https:// doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12454, which has been published in final form at uri:https:// doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12454. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
dc.rightsAccess to this item will begin on 8/10/22
dc.titleThe Impact of Criminal Record Stigma on Quality of Life: A Test of Theoretical Pathwaysen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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