Historical patent data: A practitioner's guide
Links to Fileshttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jems.12414
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Type of Work107 pages
journal articles preprints
Citation of Original PublicationAndrews, Michael J.; Historical patent data: A practitioner's guide; Journal of Economics & Management Strategy 30,2, pp 368-397 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1111/jems.12414
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This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Andrews, Michael J.; Historical patent data: A practitioner's guide; Journal of Economics & Management Strategy 30,2, pp 368- 397 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1111/jems.12414, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jems.12414. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
I provide a primer on six recent large-scale historical patent data sets for use in innovation research. I discuss how each data set is constructed, the types of patent information included in each, and the quality and completeness of each. Throughout, I emphasize when our knowledge of the history of invention is dependent on the data source used and provide recommendations about which data set is most likely to be best for different contexts. Overall, these data sets paint a remarkably consistent picture of the history of U.S. invention. When the data sets do disagree, these differences tend to be minor, although I highlight some important exceptions. I further describe several “niche” historical patent data sets that allow researchers to study institutional contexts that cannot be studied using modern data. Finally, I discuss features of patent data that are not available for the historical patents but are available for modern patents.