Does Access to Family Planning Increase Children’s Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X
Links to Fileshttp://jhr.uwpress.org/content/54/4/825
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Type of Work32 pages
Citation of Original PublicationBailey, Martha J.; Malkova, Olga; McLaren, Zoe; Does Access to Family Planning Increase Children’s Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X; The Journal of Human Resources, 54, 4, 825-856, 2 October, 2019; https://dx.doi.org/10.3368%2Fjhr.54.4.1216-8401R1
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Subjectsaccess to family planning
economic resources of children
This paper examines the relationship between parents’ access to family planning and the economic resources of their children. Using the county-level introduction of U.S. family planning programs between 1964 and 1973, we find that children born after programs began had 2.8% higher household incomes. They were also 7% less likely to live in poverty and 12% less likely to live in households receiving public assistance. A bounding exercise suggests that the direct effects of family planning programs on parents’ resources account for roughly two-thirds of these gains.