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    • Heterogeneous informality in Costa Rica and Nicaragua 

      Alaniz, Enrique; Gindling, T. H.; Mata, Catherine; Rojas, Diego (UNU-WIDER, 2021-03)
      Informal work is often considered a place of employment for marginalized and vulnerable workers who have been rationed out of preferred formal work. However, informality can also be seen as a dynamic sector that budding ...
    • Self-employment and labour market dynamics of men and women in El Salvador and Nicaragua 

      Alaniz, Enrique; Espino, Alma; Gindling, T.H. (United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research, 2019-12)
      We study the labour market dynamics of men and women in El Salvador and Nicaragua, focusing on the factors that help men and women move into an advantageous labour market state from an unfavourable state. We consider ...