Now showing items 1-20 of 471

    • Postselection-free energy-time entanglement 

      Strekalov, D. V.; Pittman, T.B.; Sergienko, A. V.; Shih, Y. H.; Kwiat, P. G. (American Physical Society (APS), 1996-07-01)
      We report a two-photon interference experiment that realizes a postselection-free test of Bell's inequality based on energy-time entanglement. In contrast with all previous experiments of this type, the employed entangled ...
    • Can Two-Photon Interference be Considered the Interference of Two Photons? 

      Pittman, T. B.; Strekalov, D. V.; Migdall, A.; Rubin, M. H.; Sergienko, A. V.; Shih, Y. H. (American Physical Society (APS), 1996-09-02)
      We report on a “postponed compensation” experiment in which the observed two-photon entangled state interference cannot be pictured in terms of the overlap of the two individual photon wave packets of a parametric ...
    • Quantum logic using photon-exchange interactions 

      Franson, J.D.; Pittman, T.B. (OSA Publishing, 2000-05)
      Nonlinear optical effects at the two-photon level are usually negligible because of the weak electric field associated with a single photon.
    • Search for the Identification of 3EG J1835+5918: Evidence for a New Type of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Source 

      Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J. P.; Eracleous, M.; Becker, R. H. (IOP, 2000-05-10)
      The EGRET source 3EG J1835+5918 is the brightest and most accurately positioned of the as-yet unidentified high-energy γ-ray sources at high Galactic latitude (ℓ,b = 89°,25°). We present a multiwavelength study of the ...
    • GRB 991216 Joins the Jet Set: Discovery and Monitoring of its Optical Afterglow 

      Halpern, J. P.; Uglesich, R.; Mirabal, N.; Kassin, S.; Thorstensen, J.; Keel, W. C.; Diercks, A.; Bloom, J. S.; Harrison, F.; Mattox, J.; Eracleous, M. (IOP, 2000-06-15)
      The optical light curve of the energetic γ-ray burst GRB 991216 is consistent with jetlike behavior in which a power-law decay steepens from t⁻¹·²²⁺⁰·⁰⁴ at early times to t⁻¹·⁵³⁺⁰·⁰⁵ in a gradual transition at around 2 ...
    • A Neutron Star Identification for the High-Energy Gamma-Ray Source 3EG J1835+5918 Detected in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey 

      Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J. P. (IOP, 2001-01-24)
      In the error box of 3EG J1835+5918, the brightest as-yet unidentified EGRET source at intermediate Galactic latitude, we find a weak, ultrasoft X-ray source at energies E < 0.3 keV in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. Deep optical ...
    • Multicolor Observations of the GRB 000926 Afterglow 

      Price, P. A.; Harrison, F. A.; Galama, T. J.; Reichart, D. E.; Axelrod, T. S.; Berger, E.; Bloom, J. S.; Busche, J.; Cline, T.; Diercks, A.; Djorgovski, S. G.; Frail, D. A.; Gal-Yam, A.; Halpern, J.; Holtzman, J. A.; Hunt, M.; Hurley, K.; Jacoby, B.; Kimble, R.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Mirabal, N.; Morrison, G.; Ofek, E.; Pevunova, O.; Sari, R.; Schmidt, B. P.; Turnshek, D.; Yost, S. (IOP, 2001-02-26)
      We present multicolor light curves of the optical afterglow of gamma-ray burst (GRB) 000926. Beginning ~1.5 days after the burst, the light curves of this GRB steepen measurably. The existence of such achromatic breaks is ...
    • GRB 000418: A Hidden Jet Revealed 

      Berger, E.; Diercks, A.; Frail, D. A.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Bloom, J. S.; Sari, R.; Halpern, J.; Mirabal, N.; Taylor, G. B.; Hurley, K.; Pooley, G.; Becker, K. M.; Wagner, R. M.; Terndrup, D. M.; Statler, T.; Wik, D. R.; Mazets, E.; Cline, T. (IOP, 2001-04-05)
      We report on optical, near-infrared, and centimeter radio observations of GRB 000418 that allow us to follow the evolution of the afterglow from 2 to 200 days after the γ-ray burst (GRB). In modeling these broadband data, ...
    • Probabilistic quantum logic operations using polarizing beam splitters 

      Pittman, T. B.; Jacobs, B. C.; Franson, J. D. (American Physical Society (APS), 2001-11-16)
      It has previously been shown that probabilistic quantum logic operations may be performed using linear optical elements, additional photons (ancilla), and post-selection based on the output of single-photon detectors. Here ...
    • Is the EGRET Source 3EG J1621+8203 the Radio Galaxy NGC 6251? 

      Mukherjee, R.; Halpern, J.; Mirabal, N.; Gotthelf, E. V. (IOP, 2002-04-03)
      We discuss the nature of the unidentified EGRET source 3EG J1621+8203. In an effort to identify the gamma-ray source, we have examined X-ray images of the field from ROSAT PSPC, ROSAT HRI, and ASCA GIS. Of the several faint ...
    • Multiwavelength Searches of Unidentified EGRET Sources 

      Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J.; Mukherjee, R.; Gotthelf, E.; Camilo, F. (2002-05-28)
      3EG J1835+5918 is the brightest of the so-called unidentified EGRET sources at intermediate galactic latitude (l,b)=(89,25). We obtained complete radio, optical, and X-ray coverage of its error box, discovering a faint ...
    • The Next Geminga: Deep Multiwavelength Observations of a Neutron Star Identified with 3EG J1835+5918 

      Halpern, J. P.; Gotthelf, E. V.; Mirabal, N.; Camilo, F. (IOP, 2002-06-02)
      We describe Chandra, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and radio observations that reveal a radio-quiet but magnetospherically active neutron star in the error circle of the high-energy γ-ray source 3EG J1835+5918, the brightest ...
    • Demonstration of Nondeterministic Quantum Logic Operations Using Linear Optical Elements 

      Pittman, T. P.; Jacobs, B. C.; Franson, J.D. (American Physical Society (APS), 2002-06-06)
      Knill, Laflamme, and Milburn [Nature (London) 409, 46 (2001)] recently showed that nondeterministic quantum logic operations could be performed using linear optical elements, additional photons (ancilla), and postselection ...
    • The 2001 Superoutburst of WZ Sagittae 

      Patterson, Joseph; Masi, Gianluca; Richmond, Michael W.; Martin, Brian; Beshore, Edward; Skillman, David R.; Kemp, Jonathan; Vanmunster, Tonny; Rea, Robert; Allen, William; Davis, Stacey; Davis, Tracy; Henden, Arne A.; Starkey, Donn; Foote, Jerry; Oksanen, Arto; Cook, Lewis M.; Fried, Robert E.; Husar, Dieter; Novák, Rudolf; Campbell, Tut; Robertson, Jeff; Krajci, Thomas; Pavlenko, Elena; Mirabal, Nestor; Niarchos, Panos G.; Brettman, Orville; Walker, Stan (IOP, 2002-06-10)
      We report the results of a worldwide campaign to observe WZ Sagittae during its 2001 superoutburst. After a 23 yr slumber at V = 15.5, the star rose within 2 days to a peak brightness of 8.2, and showed a main eruption ...
    • Discovery of a 136 Millisecond Radio and X-Ray Pulsar in Supernova Remnant G54.1+0.3 

      Camilo, F.; Lorimer, D. R.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Gotthelf, E. V.; Halpern, J. P.; Wang, Q. D.; Lu, F. J.; Mirabal, N. (IOP, 2002-06-26)
      We report the discovery of a pulsar with period P = 136 ms and dispersion measure 308 cm⁻³ pc in a deep observation of the supernova remnant (SNR) G54.1+0.3 with the Arecibo radio telescope. Timing measurements of the new ...
    • Time-dependent Optical Spectroscopy of GRB 010222: Clues to the Gamma-Ray Burst Environment 

      Mirabal, N.; Halpern, J. P.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Castro, S.; Bloom, J. S.; Djorgovski, S. G.; Galama, T. J.; Harrison, F. A.; Frail, D. A.; Price, P. A.; Reichart, D. E.; Ebeling, H.; Bunker, A.; Dawson, S.; Dey, A.; Spinrad, H.; Stern, D. (IOP, 2002-07-01)
      We present sequential optical spectra of the afterglow of GRB 010222 obtained 1 day apart using the Low-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (LRIS) and the Echellette Spectrograph and Imager (ESI) on the Keck Telescopes. Three ...
    • Quantum logic operations using linear optical elements 

      Franson, J.D.; Jacobs, B. C.; Pittman, T.B. (OSA Publishing, 2002-08)
      Knill, Laflamme, and Milburn [1] have shown that probabilistic quantum logic operations can be implemented using linear optical elements, such as beam splitters and phase shifters, additional photons (ancilla) and ...
    • High-Fidelity Quantum Logic Operations Using Linear Optical Elements 

      Franson, J.D.; Donegan, M. M.; Fitch, M.J.; Jacobs, B. C.; Pittman, T.B. (American Physical Society (APS), 2002-09-04)
      Knill, Laflamme, and Milburn [Nature (London) 409, 46 (2001)] have shown that quantum logic operations can be performed using linear optical elements and additional ancilla photons. Their approach is probabilistic in the ...
    • Single photons on pseudodemand from stored parametric down-conversion 

      Pittman, T.B.; Jacobs, B. C.; Franson, J.D. (American Physical Society (APS), 2002-10-10)
      We describe the results of a parametric down-conversion experiment in which the detection of one photon of a pair causes the other photon to be switched into a storage loop. The stored photon can then be switched out of ...
    • Demonstration of feed-forward control for linear optics quantum computation 

      Pittman, T.B.; Jacobs, B. C.; Franson, J.D. (American Physical Society (APS), 2002-11-14)
      One of the main requirements in linear optics quantum computing is the ability to perform single-qubit operations that are controlled by classical information fed forward from the output of single-photon detectors. These ...