A Mathematical Model for Enzyme Clustering in Glucose Metabolism
Links to Fileshttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-20348-7
MetadataShow full item record
Type of Work14 pages
Citation of Original PublicationJeon, Miji, Kang, Hye-Won, An, Songon. A Mathematical Model for Enzyme Clustering in Glucose Metabolism, Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20348-7
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Subjectshuman glucose metabolism
human cancer cells
We have recently demonstrated that the rate-limiting enzymes in human glucose metabolism organize into cytoplasmic clusters to form a multienzyme complex, the glucosome, in at least three different sizes. Quantitative high-content imaging data support a hypothesis that the glucosome clusters regulate the direction of glucose flux between energy metabolism and building block biosynthesis in a cluster size-dependent manner. However, direct measurement of their functional contributions to cellular metabolism at subcellular levels has remained challenging. In this work, we develop a mathematical model using a system of ordinary differential equations, in which the association of the rate-limiting enzymes into multienzyme complexes is included as an essential element. We then demonstrate that our mathematical model provides a quantitative principle to simulate glucose flux at both subcellular and population levels in human cancer cells. Lastly, we use the model to simulate 2-deoxyglucose-mediated alteration of glucose flux in a population level based on subcellular highcontent imaging data. Collectively, we introduce a new mathematical model for human glucose metabolism, which promotes our understanding of functional roles of differently sized multienzyme complexes in both single-cell and population levels.