The Next Generation X-ray Galaxy Survey with eROSITA
Links to Fileshttps://academic.oup.com/mnras/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/mnras/staa2343/5891250
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Type of Work19 pages
journal articles postprints
Citation of Original PublicationAntara R Basu-Zych, Ann E Hornschemeier, Frank Haberl, Neven Vulic, Jörn Wilms, Andreas Zezas, Konstantinos Kovlakas, Andrew Ptak, Thomas Dauser, The Next Generation X-ray Galaxy Survey with eROSITA, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, , staa2343, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2343
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This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The version of record Antara R Basu-Zych, Ann E Hornschemeier, Frank Haberl, Neven Vulic, Jörn Wilms, Andreas Zezas, Konstantinos Kovlakas, Andrew Ptak, Thomas Dauser, The Next Generation X-ray Galaxy Survey with eROSITA, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, , staa2343, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2343 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa2343.
eROSITA, launched on 13 July 2019, will be completing the first all-sky survey in the soft and medium X-ray band in nearly three decades. This 4-year survey, finishing in late 2023, will present a rich legacy for the entire astrophysics community and complement upcoming multi-wavelength surveys (with, e.g. the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and the Dark Energy Survey). Besides the major scientific aim to study active galactic nuclei (AGN) and galaxy clusters, eROSITA will contribute significantly to X-ray studies of normal (i.e. not AGN) galaxies. Starting from multi-wavelength catalogues, we measure star formation rates and stellar masses for 60 212 galaxies constrained to distances of 50–200 Mpc. We chose this distance range to focus on the relatively unexplored volume outside the local Universe, where galaxies will be largely spatially unresolved and probe a range of X-ray luminosities that overlap with the low luminosity and/or highly obscured AGN population. We use the most recent X-ray scaling relations as well as the on-orbit eROSITA instrument performance to predict the X-ray emission from XRBs and diffuse hot gas and to perform both an analytic prediction and an end-to-end simulation using the mission simulation software, SIXTE. We consider potential contributions from hidden AGN and comment on the impact of normal galaxies on the measurement of the faint end of the AGN luminosity function. We predict that the eROSITA 4-year survey, will detect ≳15 000 galaxies (3σ significance) at 50–200 Mpc, which is ∼100 × more normal galaxies than detected in any X-ray survey to date.