Multimodal Data Fusion: An Overview of Methods, Challenges and Prospects
Links to Fileshttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7214350/
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Type of Work26 pages
Citation of Original PublicationLahat, Dana, Tulay Adali, and Christian Jutten. Multimodal Data Fusion: An Overview of Methods, Challenges and Prospects. Proceedings of IEEE Vol. 103, no. 9, pp. 1449-1477, Sep. 2015. DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2015.2460697
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synthetic aperture radar
In various disciplines, information about the same phenomenon can be acquired from different types of detectors, at different conditions, in multiple experiments or subjects, among others. We use the term “modality” for each such acquisition framework. Due to the rich characteristics of natural phenomena, it is rare that a single modality provides complete knowledge of the phenomenon of interest. The increasing availability of several modalities reporting on the same system introduces new degrees of freedom, which raise questions beyond those related to exploiting each modality separately. As we argue, many of these questions, or “challenges,” are common to multiple domains. This paper deals with two key issues: “why we need data fusion” and “how we perform it.” The first issue is motivated by numerous examples in science and technology, followed by a mathematical framework that showcases some of the benefits that data fusion provides. In order to address the second issue, “diversity” is introduced as a key concept, and a number of data-driven solutions based on matrix and tensor decompositions are discussed, emphasizing how they account for diversity across the data sets. The aim of this paper is to provide the reader, regardless of his or her community of origin, with a taste of the vastness of the field, the prospects, and the opportunities that it holds.