A/H1N1 vaccine intentions in college students: An application of the theory of planned behavior
Links to Fileshttps://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2014.917650
MetadataShow full item record
Type of Work21 pages
journal articles preprints
Citation of Original PublicationAgarwal, V. (2014). A/H1N1 vaccine intentions in college students: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of American College Health, 62(6), 416-424.
SubjectsPandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus
A/H1N1 vaccine intentions
Perceived comparative susceptibility
Theory of planned behavior
Objective: To test the applicability of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in college students who have not previously received the A/H1N1 vaccine. Participants: Undergraduate communication students at a metropolitan southern university. Methods: In January—March 2010, students from voluntarily participating communication classes completed a hard-copy survey assessing TPB and clinically significant constructs. Hierarchical regression equations predicted variance in vaccine intentions of students who had not received a flu shot (N = 198, 70% Caucasian). Results: The TPB model explained 51.7% (p < .001) of variance in vaccine intentions. Controlling for side effects, self-efficacy and perceived comparative susceptibility predicted intentions when entered in the first block, while attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control significantly contribute when entered in the second block. Conclusions: For students who have not previously received a flu vaccine, vaccine communication should utilize self-efficacy and perceived comparative susceptibility to employ the TPB to promote vaccine intentions.