A 4‐year zonal climatology of lower tropospheric CO₂ derived from ocean‐only Atmospheric Infrared Sounder observations
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Type of Work20 pages
Citation of Original PublicationStrow, L. L., and S. E. Hannon (2008), A 4-year zonal climatology of lower tropospheric CO₂ derived from ocean-only Atmospheric Infrared Sounder observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D18302, doi:10.1029/2007JD009713.
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Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)
High Performance Computing Facility (HPCF)
A 4‐year zonally averaged climatology of atmospheric CO₂, ocean only, between ±60° latitude has been derived from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) radiances. Using only very clear fields of view, the CO₂ profile in the computed radiances is scaled until agreement is found with observations. ECMWF forecast and analysis fields are used for the temperature profile in the computed radiances. The AIRS channels used to derive CO₂ amounts are nominally sensitive to CO₂ variability in the ∼300–800 mbar region (2–9 km), significantly lower in the atmosphere than that in previous studies using AIRS. Validation using aircraft measurements of CO₂ at 650 mbar indicates that the AIRS CO₂ results presented here are accurate to the 0.5–1.0 ppm level. The AIRS‐derived climatology clearly exhibits the CO₂ rectifier effect, with mean CO₂ values several parts per million lower than in those in the boundary layer. The AIRS CO₂ seasonal cycle has a relatively constant amplitude of ∼3 ppm from +10° to +60° latitude, which matches the boundary layer seasonal cycle amplitude near +10° latitude but is about three times smaller than that in the boundary layer amplitude at +60° latitude. Phase comparisons between the AIRS and boundary layer CO₂ seasonal cycles show the boundary layer phase leading AIRS in the Northern Hemisphere until ∼+10° latitude, where the phases cross and the AIRS higher‐altitude CO₂ begins to lead the boundary layer phase down to ∼−10° latitude. These results may offer new insight into CO₂ interhemispherical transport. Growth rates derived from the AIRS CO₂ climatology are 2.21 ± 0.24 ppm/year, in good agreement with in situ measurements.