Confirmatory factor analyses of the Parent Attributions Questionnaire among Asian immigrant mothers
Links to Fileshttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0165025418798492
MetadataShow full item record
Type of Work31 pages
journal article post-print
Citation of Original PublicationHuiguang Ren, Shuyan Sun, Charissa S. L. Cheah, Biao Sang, Junsheng Liu, Confirmatory factor analyses of the Parent Attributions Questionnaire among Asian immigrant mothers , International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025418798492
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SubjectsAsian immigrant mothers
confirmatory factor analysis
parent attributions questionnaire
The present study examined the factor structure of maternal attributions regarding their caregiving experiences, measured by the Parent Attributions Questionnaire, among Asian immigrant mothers. Chinese and Korean immigrant mothers (N = 333, mean age (Mₐ𝓰ₑ) = 36.79 years, standard deviation (SD) = 4.79) with preschool children (Mₐ𝓰ₑ = 4.43 years, SD = 1.31) reported their attributions regarding the reasons for their success and failure at seven daily caregiving tasks, and demographic information. Three structure models were tested: the unidimensional structure model; the internal–external structure model; and the controllable–uncontrollable structure model. Results revealed that the controllability-based structure fitted the data better than the unidimensional or locus-based structure of parental attributions. Metric and partial scalar invariance of the controllability-based model were established between Chinese and Korean immigrant mothers. Asian immigrant mothers focused on whether the causes for the parenting outcomes were controllable or uncontrollable when attributing the causes of their caregiving experiences. The superiority of the controllable–uncontrollable over the internal–external structure model in this sample may reflect Asian immigrant mothers’ Confucian-based heritage cultural emphasis on their responsibility for creating optimal childrearing for their children.