Relationship between gender role orientation, role strain, and level of well-being in multiple role nursing students
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Type of Work98 pages
The purpose of this research study was to explore the outcomes of multiple role involvement for women actively enrolled in a formal program of nursing education. The relationship between gender role orientation and level of role strain was explored to learn if there was a correlation between these two variables and a woman's level of wellbeing. The expansion and scarcity hypotheses were utilized in guiding this research and the adapted job strain model utilizing gender role orientation as the variable of control was also explored. A convenience sample consisting of 49 Associate Degree nursing students from a Delaware community college was selected for this study. subjects were administered a 4-section questionnaire which included a biographical data sheet, the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI: Bem, 1981), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CBS-D: Radloff, 1977) and the Lengacher Role strain Inventory (LRSI: Lengacher, 1993). The results indicated that role strain is not related to level of well being. However data indicated that there was a relationship between lower levels of well being and increased role strain. Contrary to predictions, results also indicated that gender role orientation was not related to level of well being or role strain. The job strain model was not supported in this study when gender role orientation was the selected variable of choice for level of control. Finally, the scarcity hypothesis and expansion hypothesis were not supported in this study. However, data indicated that a trend was present for women occupying more roles to have a greater level of well being than women occupying fewer roles as evidenced by lower CES-D scores. The outcome of multiple role involvement in women remains a complicated issue. Future research should be designed and directed towards studying the interactive effect of level of demands and level of control. Research should focus on validating the findings of this study. Because the expansion and scarcity hypotheses do not account for the internal and external factors effecting women's role strain and well being, models depicting directional relationships between levels of demands and levels of control such as gender role orientation should be utilized and or developed to guide future research studies.