Soluble CD80 Protein Delays Tumor Growth and Promotes Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes
Links to Fileshttp://cancerimmunolres.aacrjournals.org/content/6/1/59.long
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Type of Work11 pages
Citation of Original PublicationLucas A. Horn, Tiha M. Long, Ryan Atkinson, Virginia Clements, and Suzanne Ostrand-Rosenberg, Soluble CD80 Protein Delays Tumor Growth and Promotes Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, DOI: 10.1158/2326-6066.CIR-17-0026
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Tumor cells use various immune-suppressive strategies to overcome antitumor immunity. One such method is tumor expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1), which triggers apoptotic death or anergy upon binding programmed death-1 (PD-1) on T cells. Our previous in vitro cellular studies with human and mouse PD-L1⁺ tumor cells demonstrated that a soluble form of the costimulatory molecule CD80 prevented PD-L1–mediated immune suppression and restored T-cell activation by binding PD-L1 and blocking interaction with PD-1. We now report that in vivo treatment of established syngeneic PD-L1⁺ CT26 colon carcinoma and B16F10 melanoma tumors with CD80-Fc delays tumor growth and promotes tumor-infiltrating T cells. Studies with PD-1⁻/⁻ and CD28⁻/⁻ mice demonstrate that soluble CD80 acts in vivo by simultaneously neutralizing PD-1 suppression and activating through CD28. We also report that soluble CD80 mediates its effects by activating transcription factors EGR1-4, NF-κB, and MAPK, downstream signaling components of the CD28 and T-cell receptor pathways. Soluble CD80 binds to CTLA-4 on activated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. However, increasing quantities of CTLA-4 antagonist antibodies do not increase T-cell activation. These results indicate that soluble CD80 does not suppress T-cell function through CTLA-4 and suggest that CTLA-4 acts as a decoy receptor for CD80, rather than functioning as a suppressive signaling receptor. Collectively, these studies demonstrate that soluble CD80 has therapeutic efficacy in vivo in mouse tumor systems and that its effects are due to its ability to inhibit PD-1–mediated suppression while concurrently activating T cells through CD28.