ScholarWorks@UMBC, a part of MD-SOAR (The Maryland Shared Open Access Repository), collects, preserves, and provides public access to the scholarly output of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). Community members can upload research products for rapid dissemination, global visibility and impact, and long-term preservation.

You can use ScholarWork@UMBC to share and preserve a wide range of research products, such as articles, papers, books, and technical reports. To get started, review our short guide to submitting, here.

All UMBC academic and administrative departments are eligible to have their own unique page set up in the repository for their materials. Departments that don't yet have their own page can contact call 410-455-3021 or e-mail scholarworks-group@umbc.edu to get a page set up.

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Recent Submissions

  • On the Universally Composable Security of OpenStack 

    Hogan, Kyle; Maleki, Hoda; Rahaeimehr, Reza; Canetti, Ran; van Dijk, Marten; Hennessey, Jason; Varia, Mayank; Zhang, Haibin (2018)
    OpenStack is the prevalent open-source, non-proprietary package for managing cloud services and data centers. It is highly complex and consists of multiple inter-related components which are developed by separate, loosely ...
  • A different view: Sensory Drive in the polarized-light realm 

    Cronin, Thomas W. (Oxford Academic, 2017)
    Sensory drive, the concept that sensory systems primarily evolve under the influence of environmental features and that animal signals are evolutionarily shaped and tuned by these previously existing sensory systems, has ...
  • Wearable Sensor-Based Location-Specific Occupancy Detection in Smart Environments 

    Khan, Md Abdullah Al Hafiz; Roy, Nirmalya; Hossain, H. M. Sajjad (Hindawi, 2018)
    Occupancy detection helps enable various emerging smart environment applications ranging from opportunistic HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning) control, effective meeting management, healthy social gathering, ...
  • DeActive: Scaling Activity Recognition with Active Deep Learning 

    Hossain, H. M. Sajjad; Khan, Abudullah al Hafiz; Roy, Nirmalya; Pan, Shimei (ACM, 2018)
    Deep learning architectures have been applied increasingly in multi-modal problems which has empowered a large number of application domains needing much less human supervision in the process. As unlabeled data are abundant ...
  • UnTran: Recognizing Unseen Activities with Unlabeled data using Transfer Learning 

    Khan, Md Abdullah Al Hafiz; Roy, Nirmalya (IEEE, 2018)
    The success and impact of activity recognition algorithms largely depends on the availability of the labeled training samples and adaptability of activity recognition models across various domains. In a new environment, ...
  • Forecasting Gas Usage for Big Buildings using Generalized Additive Models and Deep Learning 

    Pathak, Nilavra; Ba, Amadou; Ploennings, Joern; Roy, Nirmalya (IEEE, 2018)
    Time series behavior of gas consumption is highly irregular, non-stationary, and volatile due to its dependency on the weather, users’ habits and lifestyle. This complicates the modeling and forecasting of gas consumption ...
  • A Flash Flood Categorization System using Scene-Text Recognition 

    Basnyat, Bipendra; Roy, Nirmalya; Gangopadhyay, Aryya (IEEE, 2018)
    Detecting flash floods in real-time and taking rapid actions are of utmost importance to save human lives, loss of infrastructures, and personal properties in a smart city. In this paper, we develop a low-cost low-power ...
  • On the connectedness of spectral sets and irreducibility of spectral cones in Euclidean Jordan algebras 

    Gowda, Muddappa; Jeong, Juyoung (2018)
    Let V be a Euclidean Jordan algebra of rank n. A set E in V is said to be a spectral set if there exists a permutation invariant set Q in Rn such that E = λ−1(Q), where λ : V → Rn is the eigenvalue map that takes x ∈ V to ...
  • Extraocular, Non-Visual, and Simple Photoreceptors: An Introduction to the Symposium 

    Cronin, Thomas W.; Johnsen, Sonke (Oxford Academic, 2016)
    It has been recognized for decades that animals sense light using photoreceptors besides those that are devoted strictly to vision. However, the nature of these receptors, their molecular components, their physiological ...
  • Crustacean Larvae—Vision in the Plankton 

    Cronin, Thomas W.; Bok, Michael J.; Lin, Chan (Oxford, 2017-08-04)
    We review the visual systems of crustacean larvae, concentrating on the compound eyes of decapod and stomatopod larvae as well as the functional and behavioral aspects of their vision. Larval compound eyes of these macrurans ...
  • Delayed Shock-induced Dust Formation in the Dense Circumstellar Shell Surrounding the Type IIn Supernova SN 2010jl 

    Sarangi, Arkaprabha; Dwek, Eli; Arendt, Richard G. (IOP Science, 2018)
    The light curves of Type IIn supernovae are dominated by the radiative energy released through the interaction of the supernova shock waves with their dense circumstellar medium (CSM). The ultraluminous Type IIn supernova ...
  • Visualizing Early Baltimore 

    Bailey, Dan; Kummerow, Burt (2016)
    September 13, 2014, marks the 200th anniversary of the major British attack on Baltimore. What was so important about Baltimore two hundred years ago? Over a few decades in the early nineteenth century, Baltimore's population ...
  • Effective Home Visiting Training: Key Principles and Findings to Guide Training Developers and Evaluators 

    Schultz, David; Pindar, Wendy M.; Wiprovnick, Alicia E.; Groth, Elizabeth C.; Shanty, Lisa M.; Duggan, Anne; Jones, Shelby S. (Springer, 2018-06-23)
    Purpose Home visiting programs have produced inconsistent outcomes. One challenge for the field is the design and implementation of effective training to support home visiting staff. In part due to a lack of formal training, ...
  • Planned Parenthood in Maryland: A Vital Community Resource 

    McCann, Carole (2018)
    This talk highlights Carole McCann’s project on Planned Parenthood of Maryland (PPM), which marked its 90th anniversary in 2017. Working with local archives and PPM, McCann is reconstructing the history of the organization ...
  • Microfilm Lasts Half a Millennium 

    Saper, Craig (The ATlantic, 2018)
    Millions of publications—not to mention spy documents—can be read on microfilm machines. But people still see these devices as outmoded and unappealing. An Object Lesson.
  • Evaluating Disaster TIme-Line from Social Media with Wavelet Analysis 

    Anam, Amrita; Gangopadhyay, Aryya; Roy, Nirmalya
    —For over a decade, social media has proved to be a functional and convenient data source in the Internet of things. Social platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Reddit have their own styles and purposes. ...
  • Turning the lens onto our own language: Engaging in critical reflexivity in the pursuit of social change 

    Mallinson, Christine; Hudley, Anne H. Charity (Cambridge University Press, 2018-06)
    The question is a fair one. The concept of teacher resistance is now common lore among sociolinguists, who have heard about or who have experienced the rejection of well-intended efforts to bring linguistic knowledge to ...
  • Classifying Eyes-Free Mobile Authentication Techniques 

    Wolf, Flynn; Aviv, Adam J.; Kuber, Ravi (Journal of Information Security and Applications (JISA), 2018-06)
    Mobile device users avoiding observational attacks and coping with situational impairments may employ techniques for eyes-free mobile unlock authentication, where a user enters his/her passcode without looking at the device. ...
  • Impacts of Development Pattern on Urban Groundwater Flow Regime 

    Barnes, Michael L..; Welty, Claire; Miller, Andrew J. (American Geophysical Unioon, 2018)
    We compare the effects of urban development type and spatial pattern on the hydrology of six small headwater catchments near Baltimore, Maryland utilizing a three-dimensional coupled groundwater-surface water-land atmosphere ...
  • Persistent Reductions in the Bioavailability of PCBs at a Tidally Inundated Phragmites australis Marsh Amended with Activated Carbon 

    Sanders, James P.; Andrade, Natasha A.; Menzie, Charles A.; Amos, C. Bennett; Gilmour, Cynthia C.; Henry, Elizabeth A.; Brown, Steven S.; Ghosh, Upal (Wiley, June 5, 20)
    In situ amendment of sediments with highly sorbent materials like activated carbon (AC) is an increasingly viable strategy to reduce the bioavailability of persistent, sediment‐associated contaminants to benthic communities. ...

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