Satellite-detected Ocean Ecosystem Response to Volcanic Eruptionsin the Subarctic Northeast Pacific Ocean
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Type of Work19 pages
Citation of Original PublicationShi, Yingxi R., Westberry, Toby K., Behrenfeld, Michael J., Yu, H., Remer, L. A.; Satellite-detected Ocean Ecosystem Response to Volcanic Eruptionsin the Subarctic Northeast Pacific Ocean ; GeoPhysical Research Letters 46,16; ; https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083977
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Volcanic eruptions in the Aleutian archipelago during the summer of 2008 deposited large quantities of iron-laden ash to the Subarctic North Pacific Ocean. The surface ocean ecosystem response has been previously characterized using limited in situ and autonomous field measurements and numerical modeling, but basin-scale satellite remote sensing has been limited to a simple description of chlorophyll variability. Here, we show that the ecosystem response is a complex combination of phytoplankton biomass and physiology that can be described with satellite ocean color diagnostics such as the chlorophyll to carbon biomass ratio (Chl:Cphyto) and chlorophyll fluorescence yield. Together, these quantities outline a more complete picture of ecological responses spanning unique signals of iron stress (and relief from), photoacclimation, changes in phytoplankton growth rate, increases in biomass, and timescales of decay for these processes.