Linkages of Calcium Induced Calcium Release in a Cardiomyocyte Simulated by a System of Seven Coupled Partial Diﬀerential Equations
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Type of Work28 pages
journal articles preprints
Citation of Original PublicationKroiz Gerson C, Barajas Carlos, Gobbert Matthias K, Peercy Bradford E, Linkages of Calcium Induced Calcium Release in a Cardiomyocyte Simulated by a System of Seven Coupled Partial Diﬀerential Equations, http://hpcf-files.umbc.edu/research/papers/CICR_7variable_INVOLVE.pdf
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Cardiac arrhythmias aﬀect millions of adults in the U.S. each year. This irregularity in the beating of the heart is often caused by dysregulation of calcium in cardiomyocytes, the cardiac muscle cell. Cardiomyocytes function through the interplay between electrical excitation, calcium signaling, and mechanical contraction, an overall process known as calcium induced calcium release (CICR). A system of seven coupled non-linear time-dependent partial diﬀerential equations (PDEs), which model physiological variables in a cardiac cell, link the processes of cardiomyocytes. Through parameter studies for each component system at a time, we create a set of values for critical parameters that connect the calcium store in the sarcoplasmic reticulum, the eﬀect of electrical excitation, and mechanical contraction in a physiologically reasonable manner. This paper shows the design process of this set of parameters and then shows the possibility to study the inﬂuence of a particular problem parameter using the overall model.