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dc.contributor.authorRopireddy, D.
dc.contributor.authorBachus, S.E.
dc.contributor.authorAscoli, G.A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-09T15:53:09Z
dc.date.available2020-04-09T15:53:09Z
dc.date.issued2012-01-04
dc.description.abstractIntegrating hippocampal anatomy from neuronal dendrites to whole-system may help elucidate its relation to function. Towards this aim, we digitally traced the cytoarchitectonic boundaries of the dentate gyrus (DG) and areas CA3/CA1 throughout their entire longitudinal extent from highresolution images of thin cryostatic sections of adult rat brain. The 3D computational reconstruction identified all isotropic 16 µm voxels with appropriate sub-regions and layers (http://krasnow1.gmu.edu/cn3/hippocampus3d). Overall, DG, CA3, and CA1 occupied comparable volumes (15.3, 12.2, and 18.8 mm³ , respectively), but displayed substantial rostrocaudal volumetric gradients: CA1 made up more than half of the posterior hippocampus while CA3 and DG were more prominent in the anterior regions. The CA3/CA1 ratio increased from ~0.4 to ~1 septo-temporally, due to a specific change in stratum radiatum volume. Next we virtually embedded 1.8 million neuronal morphologies stochastically resampled from 244 digital reconstructions, emulating the dense packing of granular and pyramidal layers, and appropriately orienting the principal dendritic axes relative to local curvature. The resulting neuropil occupancy reproduced recent electron microscopy data measured in a restricted location. Extension of this analysis across each layer and sub-region over the whole hippocampus revealed highly nonhomogeneous dendritic density. In CA1, dendritic occupancy was >60% higher temporally than septally (0.46 vs. 0.28, s.e.m. ~0.05). CA3 values varied both across subfields (from 0.35 in CA3b/CA3c to 0.50 in CA3a) and layers (0.48, 0.34, and 0.27 in oriens, radiatum, and lacunosummoleculare, respectively). Dendritic occupancy was substantially lower in DG, especially in the supra-pyramidal blade (0.18). The computed probability of dendro-dendritic collision significantly correlated with expression of the membrane repulsion signal DSCAM. These heterogeneous stereological properties reflect and complement the non-uniform molecular composition, circuit connectivity, and computational function of the hippocampus across its transverse, longitudinal, and laminar organization.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are indebted to Dr. Ruggero Scorcioni for valuable help throughout this project. We are also thankful to Todd Gillette, Michele Ferrante, and Sridevi Polavaram for critical feedback on an earlier version of this manuscript. This research was supported by National Institute of Health grants NS39600 and NS058816 and Office of Naval Research MURI grant N00014-10-1-0198 to GAA.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306452211014527?via%3Dihuben_US
dc.format.extent38 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articlesen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m2ifr2-qnl6
dc.identifier.citationRopireddy, D.; Bachus, S.E.; Ascoli, G.A.; Non-homogeneous stereological properties of the rat hippocampus from high-resolution 3D serial reconstruction of thin histological sections; Neuroscience 205, pages 91-111(2012); https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306452211014527?via%3Dihuben_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2011.12.055
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/17905
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Psychology Department Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.rightshttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleNon-homogeneous stereological properties of the rat hippocampus from high-resolution 3D serial reconstruction of thin histological sectionsen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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