Competition between positive and negative reinforcement in the treatment of escape behavior
Links to Fileshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1284193/
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Type of Work12 pages
Citation of Original PublicationLalli, Joseph S.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Progar, Patrick R.; Wright, Carrie; Borrero, John; Daniel, Dency; Barthold, Christine Hoffner; Tocco, Kathy; May, William; Competition between positive and negative reinforcement in the treatment of escape behavior; Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 32(3): 285–296 (1999); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1284193/
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escape-maintained problem behavior
We compared the effects of reinforcing compliance with either positive reinforcement (edible items) or negative reinforcement (a break) on 5 participants' escape-maintained problem behavior. Both procedures were assessed with or without extinction. Results showed that compliance was higher and problem behavior was lower for all participants when compliance produced an edible item rather than a break. Treatment gains were achieved without the use of extinction. Results are discussed regarding the use of positive reinforcement to treat escape behavior.