Development and Modification of a Response Class via Positive and Negative Reinforcement: A Translational Approach
Links to Fileshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2998257/
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Type of Work20 pages
Citation of Original PublicationMendres, Amber E.; Borrero, John C.; Development and Modification of a Response Class via Positive and Negative Reinforcement: A Translational Approach; Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 43(4): 653–672 (2010); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2998257/
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human operant behavior
When responses function to produce the same reinforcer, a response class exists. Researchers have examined response classes in applied settings; however, the challenges associated with conducting applied research on response class development have recently necessitated the development of an analogue response class model. To date, little research has examined response classes that are strengthened by negative reinforcement. The current investigation was designed to develop a laboratory model of a response class through positive reinforcement (i.e., points exchangeable for money) and through negative reinforcement (i.e., the avoidance of scheduled point losses) with 11 college students as participants and clicks as the operant. Results of both the positive and negative reinforcement evaluations showed that participants usually selected the least effortful response that produced points or the avoidance of point losses, respectively. The applied implications of the findings are discussed, along with the relevance of the present model to the study of punishment and resurgence.