Consumption and response output as a function of unit price: manipulation of cost and benefit components
Links to Fileshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2741056/
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Type of Work17 pages
Citation of Original PublicationDelmendo, Xeres; Borrero, John C.; Beauchamp, Kenneth L.; Francisco, Monica T.; Consumption and response output as a function of unit price: manipulation of cost and benefit components; Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42(3): 609–625 (2009); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2741056/
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We conducted preference assessments with 4 typically developing children to identify potential reinforcers and assessed the reinforcing efficacy of those stimuli. Next, we tested two predictions of economic theory: that overall consumption (reinforcers obtained) would decrease as the unit price (response requirement per reinforcer) increased and that the cost and benefit components that defined unit price would not influence overall consumption considerably when unit price values were equal. We tested these predictions by arranging unit price such that the denominator was one (e.g., two responses produced one reinforcer) or two (e.g., four responses produced two reinforcers). Results showed that consumption decreased as unit price increased and that unit price values with different components produced similar consumption.