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dc.contributor.authorBrowning, Christopher R.
dc.contributor.authorSoller, Brian
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Aubrey L.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-10T15:41:28Z
dc.date.available2020-09-10T15:41:28Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-19
dc.description.abstractThis study integrates insights from social network analysis, activity space perspectives, and theories of urban and spatial processes to present an novel approach to neighborhood effects on health-risk behavior among youth. We suggest spatial patterns of neighborhood residents' non-home routines may be conceptualized as ecological, or “eco”-networks, which are two-mode networks that indirectly link residents through socio-spatial overlap in routine activities. We further argue structural configurations of eco-networks are consequential for youth's behavioral health. In this study we focus on a key structural feature of eco-networks – the neighborhood-level extent to which household dyads share two or more activity locations, or eco-network reinforcement – and its association with two dimensions of health-risk behavior, substance use and delinquency/sexual activity. Using geographic data on non-home routine activity locations among respondents from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A.FANS), we constructed neighborhood-specific eco-networks by connecting sampled households to “activity clusters,” which are sets of spatially-proximate activity locations. We then measured eco-network reinforcement and examined its association with dimensions of adolescent health risk behavior employing a sample of 830 youth ages 12–17 nested in 65 census tracts. We also examined whether neighborhood-level social processes (collective efficacy and intergenerational closure) mediate the association between eco-network reinforcement and the outcomes considered. Results indicated eco-network reinforcement exhibits robust negative associations with both substance use and delinquency/sexual activity scales. Eco-network reinforcement effects were not explained by potential mediating variables. In addition to introducing a novel theoretical and empirical approach to neighborhood effects on youth, our findings highlight the importance of intersecting conventional routines for adolescent behavioral health.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThanks to the Special Issue Editors and reviewers for comments on previous versions of the manuscript. The authors acknowledge financial support from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA032371), the William T. Grant Foundation, the National Science Foundation, and the Ohio State University Institute for Population Research.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277953614003967en_US
dc.format.extent25 pagesen_US
dc.genrejournal articles postprintsen_US
dc.identifierdoi:10.13016/m2lppo-3aie
dc.identifier.citationChristopher R. Browning, Brian Soller, and Aubrey L. Jackson, Neighborhoods and adolescent health-risk behavior: An ecological network approach, Social Science & Medicine Volume 125, Pages 163-172 (2015), doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.06.028en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.06.028
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11603/19627
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtThe University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)
dc.relation.ispartofUMBC Sociology and Anthropology Department Collection
dc.rightsThis item is likely protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. Unless on a Creative Commons license, for uses protected by Copyright Law, contact the copyright holder or the author.
dc.rights© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.titleNeighborhoods and adolescent health-risk behavior: An ecological network approachen_US
dc.typeTexten_US


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