Efficacy of memory rehabilitation therapy: a meta-analysis of TBI and stroke cognitive rehabilitation literature
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Type of Workapplication/pdf
vi, 25 pages
DepartmentTowson University. Department of Psychology
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This meta-analysis evaluated 26 studies of memory retraining and recovery that were published between the years 1985 and 2013. The primary purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the overall effect size (ES) in these studies. The study assessed the significance of the overall ES and determined which of several covariates in these studies predict the obtained ESs. Results indicated a significant average ES (r = .51) in the treatment intervention conditions. There was also a significant average ES (r = .31) in the control conditions, in which participants did not receive any treatment. The largest treatment ESs occurred in studies of stroke patients, and the smallest ESs occurred in studies of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Results showed that memory rehabilitation was an effective therapeutic intervention. However, the results also indicated that significant memory improvement occurred spontaneously over time.