Algeria: a case study in incomplete democratization
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v, 95 pages.
ProgramTowson University. Social Sciences Program
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Algeria is currently a pseudo-democratic state that attempted democratization in the 1980s, but ultimately failed. This thesis investigates how initial democratization began and ended, and how current political characteristics prevent democracy from consolidating. The government gives precedence to elite economic interests over popular interests, an easy task considering the centralization of oil and gas wealth. Under current president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the presidency has become the most powerful authority, escaping executive constraints, and the parliament and political parties are weak and unable to represent diverse interests. Algeria fails to meet all of Robert Dahl's criteria of a democracy. Given the history of stagnated democratization, it is not likely that Algerians or the government will take initiative to further democratize any time soon.