The accommodation of the Yom Kippur Seder Avodah: a review of its development into the modern period
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v, 228 pages
ProgramTowson University. Jewish Studies Program
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This Dissertation project seeks to establish that the genre of synagogue poetry known as the Seder Avodah remains an open and fluid liturgical rubric in the Jewish prayer book worthy of scholarly attention. The Seder Avodah, a liturgical rubric that includes at its center a verbal re-enactment of the ancient atonement ritual as it played out in the Temple, is recited on Yom Kippur in synagogues of all denominations. Research on the Seder Avodah to date has focused solely on the development of the Avodah genre from the period of the Mishnah (third century) through the appearance of Kolonymus ben Meshullam's eleventh century Seder Avodah entitled [...] ('Amits Koah). Following Meshullam's work, there was a substantial hiatus in liturgical creativity with regard to the Seder Avodah; however, the nineteenth century witnessed an interest in re-writing and adapting this traditional rubric for the modern synagogue. This interest continued through the twentieth century and into the first decade of the twenty-first century and has allowed for the injection of renewed creativity and innovation into this liturgical gem. This doctoral project provides the first examination of the liturgical development of the Seder Avodah in the modern period.