Dependence of fertilization in sea urchins, Stronglyocentrotus purpuratus, on microfilament formation and internal calcium concentration
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Type of Work21 p.
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SubjectsResearch -- Periodicals.
Humanities -- Research -- Periodicals.
Social sciences -- Research -- Periodicals.
Fertilization in sea urchins, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, is the result of a series of interactions between the egg and sperm. Microfilament formation has been implicated in both the acrosomal process formation and the entry of the sperm into the egg. Changes in internal calcium concentrations have been linked to exocytosis reactions that occur in both the egg and the sperm. Therefore, the dependence of fertilization on microfilament generation and changes in internal calcium concentration were determined by examining the effects of cytochalasin and calcium ionophore A23187 on sea urchin fertilization. These experiments demonstrated the dependence of the fertilization process on microfilament generation and the changes in internal calcium concentration; the inhibition of fertilization by cytochalasin confirmed the anticipated dependence on microfilament generation, while the ability of calcium ionophore A23187 to induce fertilization membrane formation, by increased permeability to calcium, confirmed the importance of calcium as a signaling mechanism for exocytosis.