The Effects of Brain-Based Instructional Strategies on Third Grade Vocabulary Retention
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Type of Work32 p.
action research papers
ProgramMasters of Education
RightsCollection may be protected under Title 17 of the U.S. Copyright Law. To obtain information or permission to publish or reproduce, please contact the Goucher Special Collections & Archives at 410-337-6347 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
SubjectsEducation -- Research papers (Graduate)
Vocabulary -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Research
Reading (Elementary) -- Research
Third grade (Education) -- Research
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of brain-based instructional strategies would positively impact third graders’ vocabulary acquisition. Brain-theorists propose that using physical movement during instruction engages the brain and allows for optimal learning to occur. Although this theory is widely supported in the field of brain-based education, there is little empirical evidence to support the use of movement to improve vocabulary retention. To examine the effectiveness of the brain-based strategy of movement, this study utilized a pre-test/post-test design. A sample of 9 third-grade students received traditional vocabulary instruction and was pre-tested. The same group of students then participated in a Brain Gym exercise prior to vocabulary instruction and was post-tested. The t-test results revealed a statistically significant difference between student performance on the pre-test and the post-test. This indicates that incorporating movement prior to vocabulary instruction is beneficial in improving student vocabulary acquisition. Therefore, the researcher concluded that brain-based instructional strategies have a positive impact on vocabulary learning.