NINETEENTH CENTURY MENNONITE SETTLEMENT PATTERNS IN WESTERN NEW YORK: PRESERVATION OF EXISTING RESOURCES
MetadataShow full item record
Type of Work143 p.
ProgramMA in Historic Preservation
RightsTo view a complete copy of this thesis please contact Goucher College Special Collections & Archives at firstname.lastname@example.org or (410) 337-6075.
SubjectsHistoric preservation -- Theses
Mennonite architecture -- New York (State) -- Amherst.
Mennonite architecture -- New York (State) -- Clarence.
Historic buildings -- New York (State) -- Amherst.
Historic buildings -- New York (State) -- Clarence.
Mennonites -- Colonization -- New York (State) -- Amherst.
Mennonites -- Colonization -- New York (State) -- Clarence.
Mennonites -- New York (State) -- Amherst -- History -- 19th century.
Mennonites -- New York (State) -- Clarence -- History -- 19th century.
Clarence (N.Y.) -- Colonization -- 19th century.
Amherst (N.Y.) -- Colonization -- 19th century.
This study examines the history and current state of preservation of early- to midnineteenth- century Mennonite properties in the Towns of Amherst and Clarence, Erie County, New York. Few and scattered, these endangered resources are in desperate need of a preservation plan. This study will demonstrate how they are eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places as a multiple property listing. The thesis is organized in four main parts. Chapter II examines Mennonite historic contexts and themes within the broad subject of growth and development in western New York. Mennonite settlement and participation in western New York's early agricultural economy along with their influential presence on early regional growth and development are examined. Chapter III explores early- to mid-nineteenth-century Mennonite settlement patterning throughout the Towns of Amherst and Clarence and the forces that influenced these patterns. Chapter IV contains the results of an architectural field reconnaissance survey, which documented and inventoried extant properties associated with the period of early- to mid-nineteenth-century Mennonite migration to Amherst and Clarence. Chapter V integrates the results of the information presented in the preceding sections and uses it to provide a framework in which each individual property is evaluated for its eligibility to be included in the NRHP as a contributing property in a multiple property listing. These few remaining historic properties associated with the early- to midnineteenth- century Mennonite populations of Amherst and Clarence represent a distinct ethnic cultural tradition in western New York (the Pennsylvania German) and are eligible for inclusion in the NRHP as a multiple property listing.