A habitat suitability analysis and theoretical model of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in Maryland
Links to Fileshttp://library.towson.edu/cdm/ref/collection/etd/id/54815
MetadataShow full item record
Type of Workapplication/pdf
vii, 81 pages
ProgramTowson University. Environmental Science and Studies Program
Honeybees are vital pollinators for a majority of agricultural produce. Unfortunately, their resilient populations are endangered with the threats of Colony Collapse Disorder. This plaguing ailment is spreading nationwide and dangerously diminishing insect populations of all species. This study analyzed and quantified the suitable habitat in Maryland using Geographic Information System analysis. A theoretical model was constructed to conduct the analysis which has the potential application in other states with additional pollinators in future studies. This model was used to investigate whether habitat degradation and electrical radiation can explain honeybee losses in this state or if another trigger dominates collapse. Productivity of numerous hives was compared to the suitable habitats to further validate these findings. It was found that the majority of Maryland contains suitable land for honeybees and the decline is likely unrelated to malnutrition, land use properties, or electrical towers. Additional factors including pesticide toxicity may therefore be the governing variable contributing to honeybee losses.