Understanding Drivers of Crime in East Baltimore: Resident Perceptions of Why Crime Persists
Links to Fileshttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1841971546
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Type of Work25 pages
Citation of Original PublicationCantora, A., Iyer, S., & *Restivo, L. (2015) Understanding drivers of crime in East Baltimore: Resident perceptions of why crime persists. American Journal of Criminal Justice (Published online, November 25, 2015).
Urban neighborhoods are frequently associated with high rates of crime, unemployment, poor educational systems, poor housing conditions, and health related problems. Theories of social disorganization, social isolation, and broken windows all explain how and why social problems develop and persist within urban settings. Drawing on these theories, this study examines how residents perceive local community problems in an East Baltimore neighborhood. Eight focus groups were conducted with participants who live and/or work in the area to identify common neighborhood issues. Problems commonly identified were: the presence of physical disorder, issues related to crime and law enforcement, lack of employment opportunities, and limited youth activities. Embedded under many of these themes was the recognition that the neighborhood lacks collective efficacy to fix community problems and maintain social control. Implications for improving neighborhood disadvantage will be discussed.