Influence of others on cross-race identifications: social facilitation and the cross-race effect
Links to Fileshttp://library.towson.edu/digital/collection/etd/id/60114
MetadataShow full item record
Rothweiler, Jesse N.
Type of Workapplication/pdf
vii, 72 pages
DepartmentTowson University. Department of Psychology
The purpose of this study was to examine how the presence of an audience affects same and cross-race identifications from a lineup. Our participants completed both same-race and other-race simultaneous lineups. Participants completed these lineups either in the presence of others or in a room alone. We found that other-race identifications produced less accuracy and less confidence than same-race identifications. While less accurate and less confident, other race identifications required a longer amount of time to respond to than same-race identifications. Although these findings provide additional support for the cross-race effect, they were also limited. Additional data can improve the scope of these findings. Despite these limitations, the findings provide evidence of the cross-race effect in simultaneous lineup identifications. Together, these findings can inform the criminal justice system on the disparities of cross-race lineup identifications.