Simulation of multi-pulse coaxial helicity injection in the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment
Links to Fileshttps://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.5018319
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Type of Work12 pages
Citation of Original PublicationO'Bryan, J. B., C. A. Romero-Talamas, and S. Woodruff. Simulation of multi-pulse coaxial helicity injection in the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment. Physics of Plasma 25, no. 3
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multi-pulse coaxial helicity injection
Sustained Spheromak Physics eXperiment
phases of spheromak evolution
Nonlinear, numerical computation with the NIMROD code is used to explore magnetic self-organization during multi-pulse coaxial helicity injection in the Sustained Spheromak Physics eXperiment. We describe multiple distinct phases of spheromak evolution, starting from vacuum magnetic fields and the formation of the initial magnetic flux bubble through multiple refluxing pulses and the eventual onset of the column mode instability. Experimental and computational magnetic diagnostics agree on the onset of the column mode instability, which first occurs during the second refluxing pulse of the simulated discharge. Our computations also reproduce the injector voltage traces, despite only specifying the injector current and not explicitly modeling the external capacitor bank circuit. The computations demonstrate that global magnetic evolution is fairly robust to different transport models and, therefore, that a single fluid-temperature model is sufficient for a broader, qualitative assessment of spheromak performance. Although discharges with similar traces of normalized injector current produce similar global spheromak evolution, details of the current distribution during the column mode instability impact the relative degree of poloidal flux amplification and magnetic helicity content.