Handgrip Strength and Balance in Older Adults Following Withdrawal from Long-Term use of Temazepam, Zopiclone or Zolpidem as Hypnotics
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Type of Work10 pages
Citation of Original PublicationNurminen, J., Puustinen J., Lähteenmäki, R., Vahlberg, T., Lyles, A., Partinen, M., Räihä, I., Neuvonen, P.J., Kivelä. S. (2014) Handgrip Strength and Balance in Older Adults Following Withdrawal from Long-Term use of Temazepam, Zopiclone or Zolpidem as Hypnotics. BMC Geriatrics. doi:10.1186/1471-2318-14-121.
Benzodiazepines and related drugs affect physical functioning negatively and increase fall and fracture risk. As impaired muscle strength and balance are risk factors for falls, we examined the effects of hypnotic withdrawal on handgrip strength and balance in older adult outpatients during and after long-term use of temazepam, zopiclone and zolpidem (here collectively referred to as “benzodiazepines”). Methods: Eighty-nine chronic users (59 women, 30 men) of temazepam, zopiclone or zolpidem aged ≥55 years participated in a benzodiazepine withdrawal study. Individual physician-directed withdrawal was performed gradually over a one-month period and participants were followed up to six months.