Using Satellite and ARM Observations to Evaluate Cold Air Outbreak Cloud Transitions in E3SM Global Storm-Resolving Simulations





Citation of Original Publication


This work was written as part of one of the author's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. Law.
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This study evaluates the performance of a global storm-resolving model (GSRM), the Simple Cloud-Resolving E3SM Atmosphere Model (SCREAM). We analyze marine boundary layer clouds in a cold air outbreak over the Norwegian Sea in a 40-day simulation, and compare them to observations from satellite and a field campaign of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program (ARM). SCREAM qualitatively captures the cold air outbreak cloud transition in terms of the boundary layer growth, cloud mesoscale structure, and phase partitioning. SCREAM also correctly locates the greatest ice and liquid in the mesoscale updraft. However, the study finds that SCREAM might underestimate cloud supercooled liquid water in the cumulus cloud regime. This study showcases the promise of employing high-resolution and high-frequency observations under similar large-scale conditions for evaluating GSRMs. This approach can help identify model features for future process-level studies before allocating extra resources for a time-matched model intercomparison of a specific case.