Setting Goals and Reading Comprehension: An Examination of the Role of Setting Goals in Reading Comprehension


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Masters of Education

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The purpose of this action research study was to investigate how setting reading comprehension goals specific to third grade Reading Literature, Common Core State Standards would impact a third-grade students’ reading comprehension level. In this quasi-experimental, pretest/posttest control group design, 43 third-grade students were examined to see if a goal setting intervention would help increase student performance in reading comprehension. The measurement tools used were from the Jacob’s Ladder Reading Comprehension Program for Grades 2 and 3. Students were in one of two classes based on their homeroom teacher. The control group and treatment group were both expected to participate in lessons from the Jacob’s Ladder Reading Comprehension Program. During the six-week study the treatment group was also taught how to set and manage reading goals focused on reading comprehension. Per the posttest results, there were no significant differences between the class that was trained to set reading goals and the class that was not trained to set reading goals. There were significant results when analyzing the differences between the pretest and posttest scores from the class that participated in the intervention. Research on the impacts of teaching students how to set and manage reading comprehension goals in the classroom is warranted and should continue to occur.