Excitation of parasitic waves in forward-wave amplifiers with weak guiding fields





Citation of Original Publication

Nusinovich, G. S., C. A. Romero-Talamás, and Y. Han. “Excitation of Parasitic Waves in Forward-Wave Amplifiers with Weak Guiding Fields.” Physical Review E 86, no. 6 (December 19, 2012): 066410. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.86.066410.


©2012 American Physical Society



To produce high-power coherent electromagnetic radiation at frequencies from microwaves up to terahertz, the radiation sources should have interaction circuits of large cross sections, i.e., the sources should operate in high-order modes. In such devices, the excitation of higher-order parasitic modes near cutoff where the group velocity is small and, hence, start currents are low can be a serious problem. The problem is especially severe in the sources of coherent, phase-controlled radiation, i.e., the amplifiers or phase-locked oscillators. This problem was studied earlier [Nusinovich, Sinitsyn, and Antonsen, Phys. Rev. E 82, 046404 (2010)] for the case of electron focusing by strong guiding magnetic fields. For many applications it is desirable to minimize these focusing fields. Therefore in this paper we analyze the problem of excitation of parasitic modes near cutoff in forward-wave amplifiers with weak focusing fields. First, we study the large-signal operation of such a device with a signal wave only. Then, we analyze the self-excitation conditions of parasitic waves near cutoff in the presence of the signal wave. It is shown that the main effect is the suppression of the parasitic wave in large-signal regimes. At the same time, there is a region of device parameters where the presence of signal waves can enhance excitation of parasitic modes. The role of focusing fields in such effects is studied.